DICOM PS3.16 2017c - Content Mapping Resource

D DICOM Controlled Terminology Definitions (Normative)

This Annex specifies the meanings of codes defined in DICOM, either explicitly or by reference to another part of DICOM or an external reference document or standard.

DICOM Code Definitions (Coding Scheme Designator "DCM" Coding Scheme Version "01")

Table D-1. DICOM Controlled Terminology Definitions

Code Value

Code Meaning

Definition

Notes

ARCHIVE

Archive

A device, process or method that stores images and other objects for a prolonged period of time.

AR

Autorefraction

An acquisition device, process or method that measures autorefraction.

AS

Angioscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during angioscopy.

Retired

AU

Audio

An acquisition device, process or method that records audio.

BDUS

Ultrasound Bone Densitometry

An acquisition device, process or method that performs ultrasound bone densitometry.

BI

Biomagnetic imaging

An acquisition device, process or method that performs biomagnetic imaging.

BMD

Bone Mineral Densitometry

An acquisition device, process or method that performs bone mineral densitometry by X-Ray, including dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA) and morphometric X-Ray absorptiometry (MXA).

CAD

Computer Assisted Detection/Diagnosis

An image processing device, process or method that performs computer assisted detection or diagnosis.

CAPTURE

Image Capture

An acquisition device, process or method that performs image capture, includes video capture.

CD

Color flow Doppler

An acquisition device, process or method that performs color flow Doppler.

Retired

Replaced by (US, DCM, "Ultrasound")

CF

Cinefluorography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs cinefluorography.

Retired

Replaced by (RF, DCM, "Radiofluoroscopy")

COMP

Computation Server

A device, process or method that performs computation as a service; includes radiotherapy planning.

CP

Culposcopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during culposcopy.

Retired

CR

Computed Radiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs computed radiography.

CS

Cystoscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during cystoscopy.

Retired

CT

Computed Tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs computed tomography.

DD

Duplex Doppler

An acquisition device, process or method that performs duplex Doppler.

Retired

Replaced by (US, DCM, "Ultrasound")

DF

Digital fluoroscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs digital fluoroscopy.

Retired

Replaced by (RF, DCM, "Radiofluoroscopy")

DG

Diaphanography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs diaphanography.

DM

Digital microscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs digital microscopy.

Retired

DOCD

Document Digitizer Equipment

A device, process or method that digitizes hardcopy documents and imports them.

DS

Digital Subtraction Angiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs digital subtraction angiography.

Retired

Replaced by (XA, DCM, "X-Ray Angiography")

DSS

Department System Scheduler

A department-based information system (for instance, Radiology or Laboratory) that provides functions related to the management of orders received from external systems or through the department system’s user interface. This definition matches that of the DSS/OF Actor in the IHE Scheduled Workflow (SWF) Profile.

DX

Digital Radiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs digital radiography.

EC

Echocardiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs echocardiography.

Retired

Replaced by (US, DCM, "Ultrasound")

ECG

Electrocardiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs electrocardiography.

EPS

Cardiac Electrophysiology

An acquisition device, process or method that performs cardiac electrophysiology.

ES

Endoscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during endoscopy.

F

Female

Female sex.

FA

Fluorescein angiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs fluorescein angiography.

Retired

Replaced by (OP, DCM, "Ophthalmic photography")

FC

Female changed to Male

Female sex changed to Male sex.

FILMD

Film Digitizer

A device, process or method that performs film digitization.

FP

Female Pseudohermaphrodite

Female Pseudohermaphrodite.

FS

Fundoscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during fundoscopy.

Retired

GM

General Microscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs general microscopy.

H

Hermaphrodite

Hermaphrodite.

HC

Hard Copy

A device, process or method that creates images to be printed as hard copy.

HD

Hemodynamic Waveform

An acquisition device, process or method that records hemodynamic waveforms.

IO

Intra-oral Radiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs intra-oral radiography.

IVOCT

Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs intravascular optical coherence tomography

IVUS

Intravascular Ultrasound

An acquisition device, process or method that performs intravascular ultrasound.

KER

Keratometry

An acquisition device, process or method that performs keratometry.

KO

Key Object Selection

A device, process or method that creates Key Object Selection objects.

LEN

Lensometry

An acquisition device, process or method that performs lensometry.

LOG

Procedure Logging

A device, process or method that performs procedure Logging; includes cath lab logging.

LP

Laparoscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that records images during laparoscopy.

Retired

LS

Laser surface scan

An acquisition device, process or method that performs laser surface scanning.

M

Male

Male sex.

MA

Magnetic resonance angiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs magnetic resonance angiography.

Retired

Replaced by (MR, DCM, "Magnetic resonance")

MC

Male changed to Female

Male sex changed to Female sex.

MCD

Media Creation Device

A device, process or method that creates DICOM PS3.10 interchange media. E.g., a CD creator that is managed by the Media Creation Management Service Class.

MEDIM

Portable Media Importer Equipment

A device, process or method that retrieves and imports objects from Interchange Media.

MG

Mammography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs mammography.

MP

Male Pseudohermaphrodite

Male Pseudohermaphrodite.

MR

Magnetic Resonance

An acquisition device, process or method that performs magnetic resonance imaging.

MS

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Retired

Replaced by (MR, DCM, "Magnetic resonance")

NEARLINE

Nearline

Instances need to be retrieved from relatively slow media such as optical disk or tape.

NM

Nuclear Medicine

An acquisition device, process or method that performs nuclear medicine imaging.

OAM

Ophthalmic Axial Measurements

An acquisition device, process or method that measures the axial length of the eye.

OCT

Optical Coherence Tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that uses an interferometric, non-invasive optical tomographic technique to image 2D slices and 3D volumes of tissue using visible and near visible frequencies.

OFFLINE

Offline

Instances need to be retrieved by manual intervention.

ONLINE

Online

Instances are immediately available.

OP

Ophthalmic photography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs ophthalmic photography.

OPM

Ophthalmic Mapping

An acquisition device, process or method that measures corneal topography, corneal or retinal thickness, and other similar parameters that are typically displayed as maps.

OPR

Ophthalmic Refraction

An acquisition device, process or method that measures the refractive characteristics of the eye.

OPT

Ophthalmic Tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs tomography of the eye that is based on light and optical principles. Tomography based on other principles, such as ultrasound, is excluded.

OPV

Ophthalmic Visual Field

An acquisition device, process or method that measures visual fields and perform visual perimetry.

OSS

Optical Surface Scanner

An acquisition device, process or method that performs optical surface scanning.

OT

Other Modality

Other Modality device.

PR

Presentation State

A device, process or method that creates Presentation State objects.

PRINT

Hard Copy Print Server

Hard Copy Print Server; includes printers with embedded DICOM print server.

PT

Positron emission tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs positron emission tomography (PET).

PX

Panoramic X-Ray

An acquisition device, process or method that performs panoramic X-Rays.

REG

Registration

An image processing device, process or method that creates Registration objects.

RF

Radiofluoroscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs radiofluoroscopy.

RG

Radiographic imaging

An acquisition device, process or method that performs radiographic imaging (conventional film/screen).

RT

Radiation Therapy Device

A device, process or method that delivers radiation therapy; includes linear accelerator, proton therapy.

RTDOSE

Radiotherapy Dose

A device, process or method that records radiotherapy dose.

RTIMAGE

Radiotherapy Image

An acquisition device, process or method that performs radiotherapy imaging; includes portal imaging.

RTPLAN

Radiotherapy Plan

A device, process or method that produces radiotherapy plans.

RTRECORD

Radiotherapy Treatment Record

A device, process or method that records radiotherapy treatment records.

RTSTRUCT

Radiotherapy Structure Set

A device, process or method that produces Radiotherapy Structure Sets.

SEG

Segmentation

An image processing device, process or method that performs segmentation.

SM

Slide Microscopy

An acquisition device, process or method that performs slide microscopy.

SMR

Stereometric Relationship

A device, process or method that records relationships between stereometric image pairs.

SR

Structured Report Document

A device, process or method that creates Structured Report documents.

SRF

Subjective Refraction

An acquisition device, process or method that records subjective refraction.

ST

Single-photon emission computed tomography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).

Retired

Replaced by (NM, DCM, "Nuclear Medicine")

TG

Thermography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs thermography.

U

Unknown Sex

Unknown Sex.

UNAVAILABLE

Unavailable

Instances cannot be retrieved.

US

Ultrasound

An acquisition device, process or method that performs ultrasound.

VA

Visual Acuity

An acquisition device, process or method that measures visual acuity.

VF

Videofluorography

An acquisition device, process or method that measures videofluorography.

Retired

Replaced by (RF, DCM, "Radiofluoroscopy")

VIDD

Video Tape Digitizer Equipment

A device, process or method that digitizes video tape and imports it.

WSD

Workstation

A networked computer equipped with a display and software for performing specific types of work, generally intended to be operated by a single user.

XA

X-Ray Angiography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs X-Ray angiography.

XC

External-camera Photography

An acquisition device, process or method that performs photography with an external camera.

109001

Digital timecode (NOS)

A signal transmitted for the purpose of interchange of the current time, not specific to any source or methodology.

109002

ECG-based gating signal, processed

A signal that is generated for each detection of a heart beat.

109003

IRIG-B timecode

A signal transmitted by the Inter-Range Instrumentation Group for the purpose of synchronizing time clocks.

109004

X-Ray Fluoroscopy On Signal

A signal that indicates that X-Ray source has been activated for fluoroscopy use.

109005

X-Ray On Trigger

A signal that indicated that the X-Ray source has been activated for image recording.

109006

Differential signal

An electrical signal derived from two electrodes.

109007

His bundle electrogram

An electrophysiological recording from the HIS nerve bundle.

109008

Monopole signal

An electrical signal from one electrode relative to an indifferent potential.

109009

Pacing (electrical) stimulus, voltage

The voltage stimulus during cardiac pacing.

109010

Radio frequency ablation, power

The power injected during RF ablation procedure.

109011

Voltage measurement by basket catheter

Electrophysiological signals acquired using a multi-splined catheter each equipped with multiple electrodes.

109012

Voltage measurement by mapping catheter

Electrophysiological signals acquired using a steerable catheter.

109013

Voltage measurement

A voltage measurement not otherwise specified.

109014

35% of thermal CO

A signal point that is 35% of the peak thermal cardiac output signal.

109015

70% of thermal CO

A signal point that is 70% of the peak thermal cardiac output signal.

109016

A wave peak pressure

The peak pressure of each heart beat in the atrium caused by the atrial contraction.

109017

A wave pressure, average

The average of several A wave pressure measurements.

109018

Beat detected (accepted)

An identified cardiac beat used in the determination of a measurement.

109019

Beat detected (rejected)

An identified cardiac beat not used in the determination of a measurement.

109020

Diastolic pressure, average

The average of several diastolic pressure measurements

Retired. Replaced by (F-00E22, SRT, "Average diastolic blood pressure")

109021

Diastolic pressure nadir

The lowest pressure value excluding any undershoot artifact.

Retired. Replaced by (F-00E1F, SRT, "Minimum diastolic blood pressure")

109022

End diastole

The moment at the end of the diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle.

Retired. Replaced by (R-FAB5C, SRT, "End diastole")

109023

End of expiration

The moment at the end of respiratory expiration.

109024

End of inspiration

The moment at the end of respiratory inspiration.

109025

Max dp/dt

The maximum positive rate of change of pressure.

109026

Max neg dp/dt

The maximum negative rate of change of pressure.

109027

Mean blood pressure

The average blood pressure value, generally over 2 or more seconds

Retired. Replaced by (F-31150, SRT, "Mean blood pressure")

109028

Peak of thermal cardiac output bolus

The peak change in blood temperature during a thermal cardiac output measurement.

109029

Start of expiration

The moment respiratory expiration begins.

109030

Start of inspiration

The moment of respiratory inspiration begins.

109031

Start of thermal cardiac output bolus

The first discernible blood temperature change following the injectate during a thermal cardiac output measurement.

109032

Systolic pressure, average

The average of several systolic blood pressure measurements.

Retired. Replaced by (F-00E14, SRT, "Average systolic blood pressure")

109033

Systolic peak pressure

The highest systolic blood pressure value excluding any overshoot artifact

Retired. Replaced by (F-00E11, SRT, "Maximum systolic blood pressure")

109034

V wave peak pressure

The peak pressure of each heart beat in the atrium caused by the filling of the atrium.

109035

V wave pressure, average

The average of several V wave pressure measurements.

109036

Valve close

The moment at which a heart valve closes.

109037

Valve open

The moment at which a heart valve opens.

109038

Ablation off

The moment when RF ablation current is turned off.

109039

Ablation on

The moment when RF ablation current is turned on.

109040

HIS bundle wave

The moment in the cardiac cycle when the HIS bundle nerves depolarize.

109041

P wave

The surface electrocardiogram of the atrial contraction.

109042

Q wave

The first negative deflection of the electrocardiogram cause by ventricular depolarization.

109043

R wave

The first positive deflection the electrocardiogram cause by ventricular depolarization.

109044

S wave

The first negative deflection after the R wave.

109045

Start of atrial contraction

The beginning of the atrial contraction.

109046

Start of atrial contraction (subsequent)

The beginning of the second atrial contraction of two consecutive beats.

109047

Stimulation at rate 1 interval

The stimulation interval during cardiac stimulation first used in a pacing train.

109048

Stimulation at rate 2 interval

The stimulation interval different from the first stimulation interval used in a pacing train.

109049

Stimulation at rate 3 interval

A stimulation interval different from and subsequent to the second interval in a pacing train.

109050

Stimulation at rate 4 interval

Describes a stimulation interval different from and subsequent to the third interval in a pacing train.

109051

T wave

The electrocardiogram deflection caused by ventricular repolarization.

109052

V wave

The peak pressure of each heart beat monitored in the atrium caused by the filling of the atrium.

109053

V wave of next beat

The second V wave measurement of two consecutive beats.

109054

Patient State

A description of the physiological condition of the patient.

109055

Protocol Stage

The exercise level during a progressive cardiac stress test.

109056

Stress Protocol

A series of physiological challenges designed to progressively increase the work of the heart.

109057

Catheterization Procedure Phase

A subpart of a cardiac catheterization procedure

Retired. Replaced by (G-72BB, SRT, "Catheterization Procedure Phase")

109058

Contrast Phase

The subpart of a cardiac catheterization procedure in which a radio-opaque contrast medium is injected into the patient.

109059

Physiological challenges

Physical changes administered to a patient in order to elicit an physiological response.

109060

Procedure Step Number

Enumeration of a subpart of a catheterization procedure.

109061

EP Procedure Phase

A subpart of en electrophysiological procedure.

109063

Pulse train definition

A means of defining a series of cardiac stimulation pulses.

109070

End of systole

Retired. Replaced by (R-FAB5B, SRT, "End systole")

109071

Indicator mean transit time

Time for a median particle to travel from point of injection to point of detection.

109072

Tau

The time constant of isovolumic pressure fall.

109073

V max myocardial

Maximum velocity of myocardial contractility.

109080

Real time acquisition

Total time for the acquisition is shorter than cardiac cycle, no gating is applied; see Cardiac Synchronization Technique (0018,9037).

109081

Prospective gating

Certain thresholds have been set for a gating window that defines the acceptance of measurement data during the acquisition; see Cardiac Synchronization Technique (0018,9037).

109082

Retrospective gating

Certain thresholds have been set for a gating window that defines the acceptance of measurement data after the acquisition; see Cardiac Synchronization Technique (0018,9037).

109083

Paced

There is a constant RR interval, which makes thresholding not required; see Cardiac Synchronization Technique (0018,9037). E.g., Pacemaker.

109091

Cardiac Stress State

Imaging after injection of tracer during increased cardiac workload or increased myocardial blood flow, achieved by either exercise or pharmacologic means.

Retired. Replaced by (F-05019, SRT, "Cardiac stress state").

109092

Reinjection State

Imaging after injection of additional tracer under resting conditions.

109093

Redistribution State

Imaging after allowing a moderate amount of time for tracer to move from its initial sites of uptake.

Example: For Thallium imaging this would correspond to imaging 2-6 hours after injection.

109094

Delayed Redistribution State

Imaging after allowing an extended amount of time for tracer to move from its initial sites of uptake.

Example: For Thallium imaging this would correspond to imaging more than 6 hours after injection.

109095

Peak stress state

Peak Cardiac stress state

Retired. Replaced by (F-05028, SRT, "Peak stress state")

109096

Recovery state

Recovery from cardiac stress

Retired. Replaced by (F-05018, SRT, "Cardiac stress Recovery state")

109101

Acquisition Equipment

Equipment that originally acquired the data stored within composite instances. E.g., a CT, MR or Ultrasound modality.

109102

Processing Equipment

Equipment that has processed composite instances to create new composite instances. E.g., a 3D Workstation.

109103

Modifying Equipment

Equipment that has modified existing composite instances (without creating new composite instances). E.g., a QA Station or Archive.

109104

De-identifying Equipment

Equipment that has modified an existing composite instance to remove patient identifying information.

109105

Frame Extracting Equipment

Equipment that has processed composite instances to create new composite instances by extracting selected frames from the original instance.

109106

Enhanced Multi-frame Conversion Equipment

Equipment that has processed composite instances to create new composite instances by converting classic single frame images to enhanced multi-frame image, or vice versa and updating other instances to maintain referential integrity.

109110

Voice

The sound of a human's speech, recorded during a procedure.

May include the patient's voice, or the voice of staff present in the room, or an operator's voice (whether for the purpose of recording a narrative accompanying a procedure or not).

109111

Operator's narrative

The voice of a device operator, recorded during a procedure.

109112

Ambient room environment

The ambient sound recorded during a procedure, which may or may not include voice and other types of sound.

109113

Doppler audio

The Doppler waveform recorded as an audible signal.

109114

Phonocardiogram

The sound of the human heart beating.

Such as might be recorded from an electronic stethoscope.

109115

Physiological audio signal

Any sound made by the human body.

May include the sound of the heart, but also sound from other organs, such as bowel sounds or bruits from vessels, or sounds of respiration. Not intended to include voice.

109116

Arterial Pulse Waveform

A digitized signal from the patient arterial system collected through pulse oximetry or other means.

109117

Respiration Waveform

A digitized signal from the patient respiratory system representing respiration.

109120

On admission to unit

The occasion on which a procedure was performed on admission to a specialist unit. E.g., intensive care.

109121

On discharge

The occasion on which a procedure was performed on discharge from hospital as an in-patient.

109122

On discharge from unit

The occasion on which a procedure was performed on discharge from a specialist unit. E.g., intensive care.

109123

Pre-intervention

The occasion on which a procedure was performed immediately prior to non-surgical intervention. E.g, percutaneous angioplasty, biopsy.

109124

Post-intervention

The occasion on which a procedure was performed immediately after to non-surgical intervention. E.g, percutaneous angioplasty, biopsy.

109125

At last appointment

The occasion on which a procedure was performed at the most recent outpatient visit.

109132

Joint position method

The active or passive joint positioning during acquisition.

109133

Physical force

A physical force applied during acquisition.

109134

Prior to voiding

Prior to voiding.

109135

Post voiding

Post voiding.

109136

Neutral musculoskeletal position

Neutral musculoskeletal position.

109200

America Kennel Club

America Kennel Club.

109201

America's Pet Registry Inc.

America's Pet Registry Inc.

109202

American Canine Association

American Canine Association.

109203

American Purebred Registry

American Purebred Registry.

109204

American Rare Breed Association

American Rare Breed Association.

109205

Animal Registry Unlimited

Animal Registry Unlimited.

109206

Animal Research Foundation

Animal Research Foundation.

109207

Canadian Border Collie Association

Canadian Border Collie Association.

109208

Canadian Kennel Club

Canadian Kennel Club.

109209

Canadian Livestock Records Association

Canadian Livestock Records Association.

109210

Canine Federation of Canada

Canine Federation of Canada.

109211

Continental Kennel Club

Continental Kennel Club.

109212

Dog Registry of America

Dog Registry of America.

109213

Federation of International Canines

Federation of International Canines.

109214

International Progressive Dog Breeders' Alliance

International Progressive Dog Breeders' Alliance.

109215

National Kennel Club

National Kennel Club.

109216

North American Purebred Dog Registry

North American Purebred Dog Registry.

109217

United All Breed Registry

United All Breed Registry.

109218

United Kennel Club

United Kennel Club.

109219

Universal Kennel Club International

Universal Kennel Club International.

109220

Working Canine Association of Canada

Working Canine Association of Canada.

109221

World Kennel Club

World Kennel Club.

109222

World Wide Kennel Club

World Wide Kennel Club.

109701

Overall image quality evaluation

Evaluation of overall image quality as described in section 7.3.2 of [IEC 62563-1].

109702

Grayscale resolution evaluation

Visual verification of sufficient grayscale resolution based on 8 and 10-bit markers as described in section 7.3.3 of [IEC 62563-1].

109703

Luminance response evaluation

Visual evaluation of luminance response using the TG18-CT test pattern as described in section 7.3.4 of [IEC 62563-1].

109704

Luminance uniformity evaluation

Visual detection of luminance non-uniformities as described in section 7.3.5 of [IEC 62563-1].

109705

Chromaticity evaluation

Visual verification of color uniformity as described in section 7.3.6 of [IEC 62563-1].

109706

Pixel faults evaluation

Visual detection of defective pixels on dark (TG18-UN80) and bright (TG18-UN10) images as described in section 7.3.7 of [IEC 62563-1].

109707

Veiling glare evaluation

Visual evaluation of veiling glare by looking at low contrast objects on 2 test patterns as described in section 7.3.8 of [IEC 62563-1].

109708

Geometrical image evaluation

Visual evaluation of geometry, phase/clock correction and clipping as described in section 7.3.9 of [IEC 62563-1].

109709

Angular viewing evaluation

Visual evaluation of viewing angle as described in section 7.3.10 of [IEC 62563-1].

109710

Clinical evaluation

Visual evaluation of the appearance of clinical images as described in section 7.3.11 of [IEC 62563-1].

109801

TG18-QC Pattern

AAPM TG18-QC Pattern used for evaluation of resolution, luminance, distortion, artifacts.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109802

TG18-BR Pattern

AAPM TG18-BR Pattern used for the evaluation of the display of low-contrast, fine-detail image structures

See [AAPM OR 03].

109803

TG18-PQC Pattern

AAPM TG18-PQC Pattern used for evaluation of resolution, luminance, contrast transfer for prints.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109804

TG18-CT Pattern

AAPM TG18-CT Pattern used for evaluation of luminance response.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109805

TG18-LN8-01 Pattern

The 1st image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109806

TG18-LN8-02 Pattern

The 2nd image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109807

TG18-LN8-03 Pattern

The 3rd image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109808

TG18-LN8-04 Pattern

The 4th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109809

TG18-LN8-05 Pattern

The 5th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109810

TG18-LN8-06 Pattern

The 6th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109811

TG18-LN8-07 Pattern

The 7th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109812

TG18-LN8-08 Pattern

The 8th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109813

TG18-LN8-09 Pattern

The 9th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109814

TG18-LN8-10 Pattern

The 10th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration series.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109815

TG18-LN8-11 Pattern

The 11th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109816

TG18-LN8-12 Pattern

The 12th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109817

TG18-LN8-13 Pattern

The 13th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109818

TG18-LN8-14 Pattern

The 14th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109819

TG18-LN8-15 Pattern

The 15th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109820

TG18-LN8-16 Pattern

The 16th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109821

TG18-LN8-17 Pattern

The 17th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109822

TG18-LN8-18 Pattern

The 18th image in the AAPM TG18-LN8- set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109823

TG18-LN12-01 Pattern

The 1st image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109824

TG18-LN12-02 Pattern

The 2 nd image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109825

TG18-LN12-03 Pattern

The 3rd image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109826

TG18-LN12-04 Pattern

The 4th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109827

TG18-LN12-05 Pattern

The 5th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109828

TG18-LN12-06 Pattern

The 6th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109829

TG18-LN12-07 Pattern

The 7th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109830

TG18-LN12-08 Pattern

The 8th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109831

TG18-LN12-09 Pattern

The 9th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109832

TG18-LN12-10 Pattern

The 10th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109833

TG18-LN12-11 Pattern

The 11th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109834

TG18-LN12-12 Pattern

The 12th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109835

TG18-LN12-13 Pattern

The 13th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109836

TG18-LN12-14 Pattern

The 14th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109837

TG18-LN12-15 Pattern

The 15th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109838

TG18-LN12-16 Pattern

The 16th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109839

TG18-LN12-17 Pattern

The 17th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109840

TG18-LN12-18 Pattern

The 18th image in the AAPM TG18-LN12 set used for DICOM grayscale calibration.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109841

TG18-UN10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-UN10 Pattern used for evaluation of luminance and color uniformity, and angular response.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109842

TG18-UN80 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-UN80 Pattern used for evaluation of luminance and color uniformity, and angular response.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109843

TG18-UNL10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-UNL10 Pattern is the AAPM TG-18 UN10 Pattern with added defining lines.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109844

TG18-UNL80 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-UNL80 Pattern is the AAPM TG-18 UN80 Pattern with added defining lines.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109845

TG18-AD Pattern

The AAPM TG18-AD Pattern used for visual evaluation of the reflection of ambient light from the display.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109846

TG18-MP Pattern

The AAPM TG18-MP Pattern used for evaluation of Luminance response (bit-depth resolution).

See [AAPM OR 03].

109847

TG18-RH10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RH10 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 horizontal lines at 10% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109848

TG18-RH50 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RH50 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 horizontal lines at 50% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109849

TG18-RH89 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RH89 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 horizontal lines at 89% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109850

TG18-RV10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RV10 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 vertical lines at 10% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109851

TG18-RV50 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RV50 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 vertical lines at 50% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109852

TG18-RV89 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-RV89 Pattern used for LSF-line spectra function-(1k and 2k) evaluation by 5 vertical lines at 89% luminance level.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109853

TG18-PX Pattern

The AAPM TG18-PX Pattern used for the assessment of display resolution.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109854

TG18-CX Pattern

The AAPM TG18-CX Pattern used to assess display resolution and resolution uniformity.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109855

TG18-LPH10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPH10 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has horizontal bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 12% positive contrast against 10% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109856

TG18-LPH50 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPH50 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has horizontal bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 50% positive contrast against 10% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109857

TG18-LPH89 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPH89 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has horizontal bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 12% positive contrast against 89% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109858

TG18-LPV10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPV10 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has vertical bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 12% positive contrast against 10% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109859

TG18-LPV50 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPV50 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has vertical bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 12% positive contrast against 50% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109860

TG18-LPV89 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-LPV89 Pattern used to assess display resolution. This pattern has vertical bars consisting of alternating single-pixel-wide lines across the faceplate of display. The lines have a 12% positive contrast against 89% background level of the maximum pixel value.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109861

TG18-AFC Pattern

The AAPM TG18-AFC Pattern used to assess display noise.

See [AAPM OR 03]

109862

TG18-NS10 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-NS10 Pattern is AAPM TG18-RV10/RH10 with only difference being the absence of the single line at the center of the measurement area.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109863

TG18-NS50 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-NS50 Pattern is AAPM TG18-RV50/RH50 with only difference being the absence of the single line at the center of the measurement area.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109864

TG18-NS89 Pattern

The AAPM TG18-NS89 Pattern is AAPM TG18-RV89/RH89 with only difference being the absence of the single line at the center of the measurement area.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109865

TG18-GV Pattern

The TG18-GV Pattern used to assess display veiling.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109866

TG18-GVN Pattern

The TG18-GVN Pattern used to assess display veiling. This pattern is identical to AAPM TG18-GV Pattern except that the large-diameter white circle is replaced with a black circle, creating a completely black pattern except for the presence of low-contrast targets.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109867

TG18-GQ Pattern

The TG18-GQ Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GV except that is lacks the central low-contrast objects.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109868

TG18-GQN Pattern

TG18-GQN Pattern used for the quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to AAPM TG18-GQ Pattern except that the large-diameter white circle is replaced with a black circle, creating a completely black pattern except for the presence of low-contrast targets.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109869

TG18-GQB Pattern

The TG18-GQB Pattern used for the quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to AAPM TG18-GQ Pattern except eliminating the central black circle.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109870

TG18-GA03 Pattern

The TG18-GA03 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 3.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109871

TG18-GA05 Pattern

The TG18-GA05 Pattern This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 5.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109872

TG18-GA08 Pattern

The TG18-GA08 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 8.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109873

TG18-GA10 Pattern

The TG18-GA10 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 10.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109874

TG18-GA15 Pattern

The TG18-GA15 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 15.

109875

TG18-GA20 Pattern

The TG18-GA20 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 20.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109876

TG18-GA25 Pattern

The TG18-GA25 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 25.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109877

TG18-GA30 Pattern

The TG18-GA30 Pattern used for quantitative assessment of veiling glare. This pattern is identical to TG18-GQ except that the radius of the central black circle is varied as r = 30.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109878

TG18-CH Image

The AAPM TG18-CH Image is a reference anatomical PA chest image.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109879

TG18-KN Image

The AAPM TG18-KN Image is a reference anatomical knee image.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109880

TG18-MM1 Image

The AAPM TG18-MM1 Image is a reference anatomical mammogram image.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109881

TG18-MM2 Image

The AAPM TG18-MM2 Image is a reference anatomical mammogram image.

See [AAPM OR 03].

109901

OIQ Pattern

The IEC OIQ Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-QC Pattern.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109902

ANG Pattern

The IEC ANG Pattern used for angular viewing evaluation.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109903

GD Pattern

The IEC GD Pattern used for geometrical image evaluation.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109904

BN01 Pattern

The IEC BN01 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-01 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109905

BN02 Pattern

The IEC BN02 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-02 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109906

BN03 Pattern

The IEC BN03 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-03 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109907

BN04 Pattern

The IEC BN04 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-04 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109908

BN05 Pattern

The IEC BN05 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-05 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109909

BN06 Pattern

The IEC BN06 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-06 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109910

BN07 Pattern

The IEC BN07 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-07 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109911

BN08 Pattern

The IEC BN08 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-08 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109912

BN09 Pattern

The IEC BN09 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-09 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109913

BN10 Pattern

The IEC BN10 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-10 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109914

BN11 Pattern

The IEC BN11 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-11 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109915

BN12 Pattern

The IEC BN12 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-12 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109916

BN13 Pattern

The IEC BN13 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-13 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109917

BN14 Pattern

The IEC BN14 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-14 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109918

BN15 Pattern

The IEC BN15 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-15 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109919

BN16 Pattern

The IEC BN16 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-16 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109920

BN17 Pattern

The IEC BN17 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-17 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109921

BN18 Pattern

The IEC BN18 Pattern is used as an alternative to the TG18-LN-18 Pattern, to avoid the use of a cone or baffle with LCDs.

See [IEC 62563-1].

109931

DIN Grayscale Pattern

Test image "Bild 2" for the gray-scale reproduction of imaging devices.

See [DIN 6868-57].

109932

DIN Geometry Pattern

Test image "Bild 3" for the geometrical imaging properties of imaging devices.

See [DIN 6868-57].

109933

DIN Resolution Pattern

Test image "Bild 5" for displaying the spatial and contrast resolution as well as the line structure of imaging devices.

See [DIN 6868-57].

109941

White Pattern

An alternative to AAPM TG18-UN80, specified at 100% of maximum pixel value.

109943

SMPTE Pattern

A standard display test pattern.

See [SMPTE RP133].

A pattern is available at http://www.dclunie.com/images/smpte.512.512.8.gif.

109991

CRT Display

A Display Device that displays images on a Cathode Ray Tube.

109992

Liquid Crystal Display

A Display Device that displays images on a Liquid Crystal Display.

109993

Plasma Display

A Display Device that displays images on a Plasma Display.

109994

OLED

A Display Device that displays images on an Organic Light Emitting Diode based display.

109995

DLP Rear Projection System

A Display Device that projects images on a surface from behind using a Digital Light Processing Projector.

109996

DLP Front Projection System

A Display Device that projects images on a surface from in front using a Digital Light Processing Projector.

109997

CRT Rear Projection System

A Display Device that projects images on a surface from behind using a Cathode Ray Tube.

109998

CRT Front Projection System

A Display Device that projects images on a surface from in front using a Cathode Ray Tube.

109999

Other Projection System

A Display Device that projects images on a surface from an unspecified direction using an unspecified means.

110001

Image Processing

Image processing work item.

110002

Quality Control

Quality control work item.

110003

Computer Aided Diagnosis

Computer aided diagnosis work item.

110004

Computer Aided Detection

Computer aided detection work item.

110005

Interpretation

The work item task is to prepare a report that contains the interpretation of an imaging study.

110006

Transcription

Transcription work item.

110007

Report Verification

Report verification work item.

110008

Print

Print work item.

110009

No subsequent Workitems

There will be no more work items scheduled.

110010

Film

Film type of output.

110011

Dictation

Dictation type of output.

110012

Transcription

Transcription type of output.

110013

Media Import

The procedure to read DICOM instances from DICOM interchange media, coerce identifying attributes into the local namespace if necessary, and make the instances available.

110020

Sheet Film Digitized

Digitization of Sheet Film.

110021

Cine Film Digitized

Digitization of Cine Film.

110022

Video Tape Digitized

Digitization of Video Tape.

110023

Paper Digitized

Digitization of pages of a paper document (Units may be specified as Pages, Documents).

110024

CD Imported

Importation of CD.

110025

DVD Imported

Importation of DVD.

110026

MOD Imported

Importation of MOD.

110027

Studies Imported

Importation of DICOM Studies.

110028

Instances Imported

Importation of DICOM Composite Instances.

110030

USB Disk Emulation

A device that connects using the USB hard drive interface. These may be USB-Sticks, portable hard drives, and other technologies.

110031

Email

Email and email attachments used as a media for data transport.

110032

CD

CD-R, CD-ROM, and CD-RW media used for data transport.

110033

DVD

DVD, DVD-RAM, and other DVD formatted media used for data transport.

110034

Compact Flash

Media that comply with the Compact Flash standard.

110035

Multi-media Card

Media that comply with the Multi-media Card standard.

110036

Secure Digital Card

Media that comply with the Secure Digital Card standard.

110037

URI

URI Identifier for network or other resource, see RFC3968.

110038

Paper Document

Any paper or similar document.

110100

Application Activity

Audit event: Application Activity has taken place.

110101

Audit Log Used

Audit event: Audit Log has been used.

110102

Begin Transferring DICOM Instances

Audit event: Storage of DICOM Instances has begun.

110103

DICOM Instances Accessed

Audit event: DICOM Instances have been created, read, updated, or deleted -audit event.

110104

DICOM Instances Transferred

Audit event: Storage of DICOM Instances has been completed.

110105

DICOM Study Deleted

Audit event: Entire Study has been deleted.

110106

Export

Audit event: Data has been exported out of the system.

110107

Import

Audit event: Data has been imported into the system.

110108

Network Entry

Audit event: System has joined or left network.

110109

Order Record

Audit event: Order has been created, read, updated or deleted.

110110

Patient Record

Audit event: Patient Record has been created, read, updated, or deleted.

110111

Procedure Record

Audit event: Procedure Record has been created, read, updated, or deleted.

110112

Query

Audit event: Query has been made.

110113

Security Alert

Audit event: Security Alert has been raised.

110114

User Authentication

Audit event: User Authentication has been attempted.

110119

Station AE Title

Application Entity Title of a device.

110120

Application Start

Audit event: Application Entity has started.

110121

Application Stop

Audit event: Application Entity has stopped.

110122

Login

Audit event: User login has been attempted.

110123

Logout

Audit event: User logout has been attempted.

110124

Attach

Audit event: Node has been attached.

110125

Detach

Audit event: Node has been detached.

110126

Node Authentication

Audit event: Node Authentication has been attempted.

110127

Emergency Override Started

Audit event: Emergency Override has started.

110128

Network Configuration

Audit event: Network configuration has been changed.

110129

Security Configuration

Audit event: Security configuration has been changed.

110130

Hardware Configuration

Audit event: Hardware configuration has been changed.

110131

Software Configuration

Audit event: Software configuration has been changed.

110132

Use of Restricted Function

Audit event: A use of a restricted function has been attempted.

110133

Audit Recording Stopped

Audit event: Audit recording has been stopped.

110134

Audit Recording Started

Audit event: Audit recording has been started.

110135

Object Security Attributes Changed

Audit event: Security attributes of an object have been changed.

110136

Security Roles Changed

Audit event: Security roles have been changed.

110137

User security Attributes Changed

Audit event: Security attributes of a user have been changed.

110138

Emergency Override Stopped

Audit event: Emergency Override has Stopped.

110139

Remote Service Operation Started

Audit event: Remote Service Operation has Begun.

110140

Remote Service Operation Stopped

Audit event: Remote Service Operation has Stopped.

110141

Local Service Operation Started

Audit event: Local Service Operation has Begun.

110142

Local Service Operation Stopped

Audit event: Local Service Operation Stopped.

110150

Application

Audit participant role ID of software application.

110151

Application Launcher

Audit participant role ID of software application launcher, i.e., the entity that started or stopped an application.

110152

Destination Role ID

Audit participant role ID of the receiver of data.

110153

Source Role ID

Audit participant role ID of the sender of data.

110154

Destination Media

Audit participant role ID of media receiving data during an export.

110155

Source Media

Audit participant role ID of media providing data during an import.

110180

Study Instance UID

ParticipantObjectID type: Study Instance UID.

110181

SOP Class UID

ParticipantObjectID type: SOP Class UID.

110182

Node ID

ID of a node that is a participant object of an audit message.

110190

Issuer of Identifier

System, organization, agency, or department that has assigned an instance identifier (such as placer or filler number, patient or provider identifier, etc.).

110500

Doctor canceled procedure

Procedure order canceled by requesting physician or other authorized physician.

110501

Equipment failure

Equipment failure prevented completion of procedure.

110502

Incorrect procedure ordered

Procedure discontinued due to incorrect procedure being ordered.

110503

Patient allergic to media/contrast

Procedure discontinued due to patient allergy to media/contrast (reported or reaction).

110504

Patient died

Procedure discontinued due to death of Patient.

110505

Patient refused to continue procedure

Procedure discontinued due to patient refusal to continue procedure.

110506

Patient taken for treatment or surgery

Procedure discontinued due to patient being taken for treatment or surgery.

110507

Patient did not arrive

Patient did not arrive for procedure.

110508

Patient pregnant

Procedure discontinued due to patient pregnancy (reported or determined).

110509

Change of procedure for correct charging

Procedure discontinued to restart with new procedure code for correct charging.

110510

Duplicate order

Procedure discontinued due to duplicate orders received for same procedure.

110511

Nursing unit cancel

Procedure order canceled by nursing unit.

110512

Incorrect side ordered

Procedure discontinued due to incorrect side (laterality) being ordered.

110513

Discontinued for unspecified reason

Procedure discontinued for unspecified reason.

110514

Incorrect worklist entry selected

Procedure discontinued due to incorrect patient or procedure step selected from modality worklist.

110515

Patient condition prevented continuing

Patient condition prevented continuation of procedure.

110516

Equipment change

Procedure step is discontinued to change to other equipment or modality.

110518

Patient Movement

A movement of the patient affecting test quality.

110519

Operator Error

An error of the operator affecting test quality.

110521

Objects incorrectly formatted

One or more of the objects is malformed.

110522

Object Types not supported

Receiving System is unable to accept the object type.

110523

Object Set incomplete

One or more objects associated with the object set is missing.

110524

Media Failure

The contents of the Media could not be accessed properly.

110526

Resource pre-empted

Procedure discontinued due to necessary equipment, staff or other resource becoming (temporarily) unavailable to the procedure.

110527

Resource inadequate

Procedure discontinued due to necessary equipment, staff or other resource being inadequate to complete the procedure.

110528

Discontinued Procedure Step rescheduled

A new Procedure Step has been scheduled to replace the Discontinued Procedure Step.

110529

Discontinued Procedure Step rescheduling recommended

It is recommended that a new Procedure Step be scheduled to replace the Discontinued Procedure Step.

110530

Workitem assignment rejected by assigned resource

The resource to which a workitem has been assigned has rejected the assignment.

110700

Ventral Diencephalon

Ventral structures of the diencephalon that cannot readily be distinguished on MR imaging, including the hypothalamus, mammillary body, subthalamic nuclei, substantia nigra, red nucleus, lateral geniculate nucleus, medial geniculate nucleus, zona incerta, cerebral peduncle, lenticular fasciculus, medial lemniscus, and optic tract.

See http://neuromorphometrics.org:8080/Seg/html/segmentation/ventral%20diencephalon.html.

110701

White Matter T1 Hypointensity

Area(s) of reduced intensity on T1 weighted images relative to the surrounding white matter.

These may be indicative of age-related or neurodegenerative white matter lesions, and may be co-located with areas of white matter T2 hyperintensity, but the concept is specifically confined to the MR appearance on T1 weighted images.

110702

White Matter T2 Hyperintensity

Area(s) of increased intensity on T2 weighted images relative to the surrounding white matter.

These may be indicative of age-related or neurodegenerative white matter lesions, and may be co-located with areas of white matter T1 hypointensity, but the concept is specifically confined to the MR appearance on T2 weighted images.

110703

superior longitudinal fasciculus I

The dorsal component of the SLF originating from the medial and dorsal parietal cortex and ending in the dorsal and medial part of the frontal lobe.

See Makris N, et al. "Segmentation of Subcomponents within the Superior Longitudinal Fascicle in Humans: A Quantitative, In Vivo, DT-MRI Study." Cerebral Cortex 15, no. 6 (June 1, 2005): 854–69. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhh186.

110704

superior longitudinal fasciculus II

The major component of the SLF, derived from the caudal–inferior parietal region corresponding to the angular gyrus in the human and terminating within the dorsolateral frontal region.

See Makris N, et al. "Segmentation of Subcomponents within the Superior Longitudinal Fascicle in Humans: A Quantitative, In Vivo, DT-MRI Study." Cerebral Cortex 15, no. 6 (June 1, 2005): 854–69. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhh186.

110705

superior longitudinal fasciculus III

The ventral component of the SLF, originating from the supramarginal gyrus and terminating predominantly in the ventral premotor and prefrontal areas.

See Makris N, et al. "Segmentation of Subcomponents within the Superior Longitudinal Fascicle in Humans: A Quantitative, In Vivo, DT-MRI Study." Cerebral Cortex 15, no. 6 (June 1, 2005): 854–69. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhh186.

110706

Perilesional White Matter

White matter that surrounds a lesion of interest. E.g., to identify the otherwise unclassified white matetr that surrounds a tumor to be surgically resected.

110800

Spin Tagging Perfusion MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a Spin tagging Perfusion MR image. Spin tagging is a technique for the measurement of blood perfusion, based on magnetically labeled arterial blood water as an endogenous tracer.

110801

Contrast Agent Angio MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a Contrast Agent Angio MR image.

110802

Time Of Flight Angio MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a Time-of-flight (TOF) MR image. Time-of-flight (TOF) is based on the phenomenon of flow-related enhancement of spins entering into an imaging slice. As a result of being unsaturated, these spins give more signal that surrounding stationary spins.

110803

Proton Density Weighted MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a Proton Density Weighted MR image. All MR images have intensity proportional to proton density. Images with very little T1 or T2 weighting are called 'PD-weighted'.

110804

T1 Weighted MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of T1 Weighted MR image. A T1 Weighted MR image is created typically by using short TE and TR times.

110805

T2 Weighted MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a T2 Weighted MR image. T2 Weighted image contrast state is approached by imaging with a TR long compared to tissue T1 (to reduce T1 contribution to image contrast) and a TE between the longest and shortest tissue T2s of interest.

110806

T2* Weighted MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a T2* Weighted MR image. The T2* phenomenon results from molecular interactions (spin spin relaxation) and local magnetic field non-uniformities, which cause the protons to precess at slightly different frequencies.

110807

Field Map MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a Field Map MR image. A Field Map MR image provides a direct measure of the B 0 inhomogeneity at each point in the image.

110808

Fractional Anisotropy

Coefficient reflecting the fractional anisotropy of the tissues, derived from a diffusion weighted MR image. Fractional anisotropy is proportional to the square root of the variance of the Eigen values divided by the square root of the sum of the squares of the Eigen values.

Basser PJ, Pierpaoli C. Microstructural and physiological features of tissues elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI. J Magn Reson B. 1996 Jun;111(3):209–19. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.162.2222&rep=rep1&type=pdf

110809

Relative Anisotropy

Coefficient reflecting the relative anisotropy of the tissues, derived from a diffusion weighted MR image.

Basser PJ, Pierpaoli C. Microstructural and physiological features of tissues elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI. J Magn Reson B. 1996 Jun;111(3):209–19. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.162.2222&rep=rep1&type=pdf

110810

Volumetric Diffusion Dxx Component

Dxx Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the molecular mobility along the X axis.

110811

Volumetric Diffusion Dxy Component

Dxy Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the correlation of molecular displacements in the X and Y directions.

110812

Volumetric Diffusion Dxz Component

Dxz Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the correlation of molecular displacements in the X and Z directions.

110813

Volumetric Diffusion Dyy Component

Dyy Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the molecular mobility along the Y axis.

110814

Volumetric Diffusion Dyz Component

Dyz Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the correlation of molecular displacements in the Y and Z directions.

110815

Volumetric Diffusion Dzz Component

Dzz Component of the diffusion tensor, quantifying the molecular mobility along the Z axis.

110816

T1 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a T1 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image. A T1 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image reflects the dynamics of diffusion of the exogenous contrast media from the blood pool into the extra vascular extracellular space (EES) of the brain at a rate determined by the blood flow to the tissue, the permeability of the Brain Blood Barrier (BBB), and the surface area of the perfusing vessels.

110817

T2 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a T2 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image. A T2 Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image reflects the T2 of tissue decrease as the Gd contrast agent bolus passes through the brain.

110818

T2* Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR Signal Intensity

Signal intensity of a T2* Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image. A T2* Weighted Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MR image reflects the T2* of tissue decrease as the Gd contrast agent bolus passes through the brain.

110819

Blood Oxygenation Level

Signal intensity of a Blood Oxygenation Level image. BOLD imaging is sensitive to blood oxygenation (but also to cerebral blood flow and volume). This modality is essentially used for detecting brain activation (functional MR).

110820

Nuclear Medicine Projection Activity

Accumulated decay event counts in a nuclear medicine projection image.

110821

Nuclear Medicine Tomographic Activity

Accumulated decay event counts in a Nuclear Medicine Tomographic image (including PET).

110822

Spatial Displacement X Component

Spatial Displacement along axis X of a non linear deformable spatial registration image. The X axis is defined in reference to the patient's orientation, and is increasing to the left hand side of the patient.

110823

Spatial Displacement Y Component

Spatial Displacement along axis Y of a non linear deformable spatial registration image. The Y axis is defined in reference to the patient's orientation, and is increasing to the posterior side of the patient.

110824

Spatial Displacement Z Component

Spatial Displacement along axis Z of a Non linear deformable spatial registration image. The Z axis is defined in reference to the patient's orientation, and is increasing toward the head of the patient.

110825

Hemodynamic Resistance

Measured resistance to the flow of blood. E.g., through the vasculature or through a heart value.

110826

Indexed Hemodynamic Resistance

Measured resistance to the flow of blood. E.g., through the vasculature or through a heart value, normalized to a particular indexed scale.

110827

Tissue Velocity

Velocity of tissue based on Doppler measurements.

110828

Flow Velocity

Velocity of blood flow based on Doppler measurements.

110829

Flow Variance

Statistical variance of blood velocity relative to mean.

110830

Elasticity

Scalar value related to the elastic properties of the tissue.

110831

Perfusion

Scalar value related to the volume of blood perfusing into tissue.

110832

Speed of sound

Speed of sound in tissue.

110833

Ultrasound Attenuation

Reduction in strength of ultrasound signal as the wave.

110834

RGB R Component

Red component of a true color image (RGB).

110835

RGB G Component

Green component of a true color image (RGB).

110836

RGB B Component

Blue component of a true color image (RGB).

110837

YBR FULL Y Component

Y (Luminance) component of a YBR FULL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110838

YBR FULL CB Component

CB (Blue chrominance) component of a YBR FULL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110839

YBR FULL CR Component

CR (Red chrominance) component of a YBR FULL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110840

YBR PARTIAL Y Component

Y (Luminance) component of a YBR PARTIAL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110841

YBR PARTIAL CB Component

CB (Blue chrominance) component of a YBR PARTIAL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110842

YBR PARTIAL CR Component

CR (Red chrominance) component of a YBR PARTIAL image, as defined in JPEG 2000.

110843

YBR ICT Y Component

Y (Luminance) component of a YBR ICT image (Irreversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110844

YBR ICT CB Component

CB (Blue chrominance) component of a YBR ICT image (Irreversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110845

YBR ICT CR Component

CR (Red chrominance) component of a YBR ICT image (Irreversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110846

YBR RCT Y Component

Y (Luminance) component of a YBR RCT image (Reversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110847

YBR RCT CB Component

CB (Blue chrominance) component of a YBR RCT image (Reversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110848

YBR RCT CR Component

CR (Red chrominance) component of a YBR RCT image (Reversible Color Transform), as defined in JPEG 2000.

110849

Echogenicity

The ability of a material to create an ultrasound return echo.

110850

X-Ray Attenuation

Decrease in the number of photons in an X-Ray beam due to interactions with the atoms of a material substance. Attenuation is due primarily to two processes, absorption and scattering.

110851

X-Ray Attenuation Coefficient

Coefficient that describes the fraction of a beam of X-Rays or gamma rays that is absorbed or scattered per unit thickness of the absorber. This value basically accounts for the number of atoms in a cubic cm volume of material and the probability of a photon being scattered or absorbed from the nucleus or an electron of one of these atoms.

Retired. Replaced by (112031, DCM, "Attenuation Coefficient").

110852

MR signal intensity

Signal intensity of an MR image, not otherwise specified.

110853

Binary Segmentation

Binary value denoting that the segmented property is present.

110854

Fractional Probabilistic Segmentation

Probability, defined as a percentage, that the segmented property occupies the spatial area defined by the voxel.

110855

Fractional Occupancy Segmentation

Percentage of the voxel area occupied by the segmented property.

110856

Linear Displacement

Spatial dimension, denoting a linear displacement.

110857

Photon Energy

Dimension denoting the energy (frequency or wavelength) of photons.

110858

Time

Dimension used to sequence events, to compare the duration of events and the intervals between events.

110859

Angle

Spatial dimension, denoting an angle.

110860

Left-Right Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the patient's left and right side.

110861

Head-Foot Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the patient's head and foot.

110862

Anterior-Posterior Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the patient's anterior and posterior sides.

110863

Apex-Base Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the apex and base of an organ, object, or chamber.

110864

Anterior-Inferior Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the anterior and inferior sides of an organ, object, or chamber.

110865

Septum-Wall Axis

A spatial dimension axis running along a line between the septum and wall of a chamber.

110866

Right To Left

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the right to the left side of the patient.

110867

Left To Right

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the left to the right side of the patient.

110868

Head To Foot

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the head to the foot of the patient.

110869

Foot To Head

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the foot to the head of the patient.

110870

Anterior To Posterior

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the anterior to the posterior side of the patient.

110871

Posterior To Anterior

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the posterior to the anterior side of the patient.

110872

Apex To Base

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the apex to the base.

110873

Base To Apex

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the base to the apex.

110874

Anterior To Inferior

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the anterior to the inferior.

110875

Inferior To Anterior

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the inferior to the anterior.

110876

Septum To Wall

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the septum of a chamber to the opposite wall.

110877

Wall To Septum

Orientation of a spatial dimension where increasing values run from the opposite wall to the septum of a chamber.

110901

Image Position (Patient) X

The x coordinate of the upper left hand corner (center of the first voxel transmitted) of the image, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110902

Image Position (Patient) Y

The y coordinate of the upper left hand corner (center of the first voxel transmitted) of the image, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110903

Image Position (Patient) Z

The z coordinate of the upper left hand corner (center of the first voxel transmitted) of the image, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110904

Image Orientation (Patient) Row X

The x value of the first row direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110905

Image Orientation (Patient) Row Y

The y value of the first row direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110906

Image Orientation (Patient) Row Z

The z value of the first row direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110907

Image Orientation (Patient) Column X

The x value of the first column direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110908

Image Orientation (Patient) Column Y

The y value of the first column direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110909

Image Orientation (Patient) Column Z

The z value of the first column direction cosine with respect to the patient, with respect to the patient-based coordinate system.

110910

Pixel Data Rows

Number of rows in the pixel data of the image.

110911

Pixel Data Columns

Number of columns in the pixel data of the image.

111001

Algorithm Name

The name assigned by a manufacturer to a specific software algorithm.

111002

Algorithm Parameters

The input parameters used by a manufacturer to configure the behavior of a specific software algorithm.

111003

Algorithm Version

The software version identifier assigned by a manufacturer to a specific software algorithm.

111004

Analysis Performed

The type of correlation applied to detection results. E.g., temporal, spatial.

111005

Assessment Category

Assignment of intermediate or overall interpretation results to a general category.

111006

Breast composition

Assessment of annotating tissues in breast; generally including fatty, mixed or dense

Retired. Replaced by (F-01710, SRT, "Breast composition").

111007

Breast Outline including Pectoral Muscle Tissue

Purpose of reference for an SCOORD Content Item that is an outline of the breast that includes the pectoral muscle tissue

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111008

Calcification Distribution

The type of distribution associated with detected calcifications.

111009

Calcification Type

Identification of the morphology of detected calcifications.

111010

Center

Purpose of reference for an SCOORD Content Item that identifies the central point of a finding or feature

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111011

Certainty of Feature

The likelihood that the feature analyzed is in fact the type of feature identified.

111012

Certainty of Finding

The likelihood that the finding detected is in fact the type of finding identified.

111013

Certainty of Impression

The certainty that a device places on an impression, where 0 equals no certainty and 100 equals certainty.

111014

Clockface or region

A location identifier based on clockface numbering or anatomic subregion.

111015

Composite Feature

An item that is an inferred correlation relating two or more individual findings or features.

111016

Composite type

The inferred relationship between the findings or features making up a composite feature.

111017

CAD Processing and Findings Summary

General assessment of whether or not CAD processing was successful, and whether any findings resulted.

111018

Content Date

The date the data creation started.

111019

Content Time

The time the data creation started.

111020

Depth

A location identifier based on a feature's inferred distance from the surface of the associated anatomy.

111021

Description of Change

A textual description of the change that occurred over time in a qualitative characteristic of a feature.

111022

Detection Performed

The type of finding sought after by a specific algorithm applied to one image.

111023

Differential Diagnosis/Impression

A general change that occurred within an imaged area between a prior imaging procedure and the current imaging procedure.

111024

Failed Analyses

A group of analysis algorithms that were attempted, but failed.

111025

Failed Detections

A group of detection algorithms that were attempted, but failed.

111026

Horizontal Pixel Spacing

For projection radiography, the horizontal physical distance measured at the front plane of an Image Receptor housing between the center of each pixel (spacing between the centers of adjacent columns). For tomographic images, the horizontal physical distance in the patient between the center of each pixel.

111027

Image Laterality

Laterality of (possibly paired) body part contained in an image.

111028

Image Library

A container that references all image data used as evidence to produce a report.

111029

Image Quality Rating

A numeric value in the range 0 to 100, inclusive, where 0 is worst quality and 100 is best quality.

111030

Image Region

Purpose of reference for an SCOORD Content Item that identifies a specific region of interest within an image

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111031

Image View

The projection of the anatomic region of interest on an image receptor.

111032

Image View Modifier

Modifier for Image View.

111033

Impression Description

Free-form text describing the overall or an individual impression.

111034

Individual Impression/Recommendation

A container for a group of related results from interpretation of one or more images and associated clinical information.

111035

Lesion Density

The X-Ray attenuation of a lesion relative to the expected attenuation of an equal volume of fibroglandular breast tissue.

111036

Mammography CAD Report

A structured report containing the results of computer-aided detection or diagnosis applied to breast imaging and associated clinical information.

111037

Margins

The characteristic of the boundary, edges or border of a detected lesion.

111038

Number of calcifications

The quantity of calcifications detected within an identified group or cluster.

111039

Object type

A non-lesion object identified within one or more images.

111040

Original Source

Purpose of reference for a COMPOSITE Content Item that identifies it as the original source of evidence for another Content Item in the report

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111041

Outline

Purpose of reference for an SCOORD Content Item that identifies the outline or bounding region of a finding or feature

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111042

Pathology

The inferred type of disease associated with an identified feature.

111043

Patient Orientation Column

The patient orientation relative to the image plane, specified by a value that designates the anatomical direction of the positive column axis (top to bottom).

111044

Patient Orientation Row

The patient orientation relative to the image plane, specified by a value that designates the anatomical direction of the positive row axis (left to right).

111045

Pectoral Muscle Outline

Purpose of reference for an SCOORD Content Item that is an outline of the pectoral muscle tissue only

Purpose of Reference for Content Item of value type COMPOSITE or SCOORD

111046

Percent Fibroglandular Tissue

Percent of breast area that is mammographically dense, excluding pectoralis muscle.

111047

Probability of cancer

The likelihood that an identified finding or feature is cancerous.

111048

Quadrant location

A location identifier based on the division of an area into four regions.

111049

Qualitative Difference

A qualitative characteristic of a feature that has changed over time.

111050

Quality Assessment

The effect of the quality of an image on its usability.

111051

Quality Control Standard

The quality control standard used to make a quality assessment.

111052

Quality Finding

A specific quality related deficiency detected within an image.

111053

Recommended Follow-up

Recommended type of follow-up to an imaging procedure, based on interpreted results.

111054

Recommended Follow-up Date

Recommended follow-up date to an imaging procedure, based on interpreted results.

111055

Recommended Follow-up Interval

Recommended follow-up interval to an imaging procedure, based on interpreted results.

111056

Rendering Intent

The recommendation of the producer of a Content Item regarding presentation of the Content Item by recipients of the report.

111057

Scope of Feature

An indication of how widespread the detection of a feature is within the analyzed image data set.

111058

Selected Region Description

A textual description of the contents of a selected region identified within an image.

111059

Single Image Finding

An item that was detected on one image.

111060

Study Date

Date on which the acquisition of the study information was started.

111061

Study Time

Time at which the acquisition of the study information was started.

111062

Successful Analyses

A group of analysis algorithms that were attempted and completed successfully.

111063

Successful Detections

A group of detection algorithms that were attempted and completed successfully.

111064

Summary of Detections

An overall indication of whether the CAD detection algorithms applied were completed successfully.

111065

Summary of Analyses

An overall indication of whether the CAD analysis algorithms applied were completed successfully.

111066

Vertical Pixel Spacing

For projection radiography, the vertical physical distance measured at the front plane of an Image Receptor housing between the center of each pixel (spacing between the centers of adjacent rows). For tomographic images, the vertical physical distance in the patient between the center of each pixel.

111069

Crosstable

A radiographic projection that has been with the patient lying on a table with the X-Ray source on one side of the table and the detector on the other. E.g., may describe a cross-table cervical spine, chest or pelvis X-Ray image.

111071

CAD Operating Point

One of a number of discrete points on the Receiver-Operator Characteristics (ROC) curve that reflects the expected sensitivity and specificity of a CAD algorithm, where zero indicates the highest specificity, lowest sensitivity operating point. The value should not exceed the Maximum CAD Operating Point.

111072

Maximum CAD Operating Point

The maximum value of CAD Operating Point for the specific CAD algorithm used.

111081

CAD Operating Point Description

The intended interpretation of a CAD Operating Point.

111086

False Markers per Image

The number of false CAD markers per image. Correlates to inverse of Image Specificity.

111087

False Markers per Case

The number of false markers per collection of images that are CAD processed as a group. Correlates to inverse of Case Specificity.

111088

Case Sensitivity

The percentage of cancers that should be detected by a CAD algorithm where CAD marks the cancers in at least one view.

111089

Lesion Sensitivity

The percentage of cancers that should be detected by a CAD algorithm where CAD marks the cancers in each view.

111090

Case Specificity

The percentage of cases (collections of images CAD processed as a group) without cancer that have no CAD findings whatsoever. Correlates to inverse of False Markers per Case.

111091

Image Specificity

The percentage of images without cancer that have no CAD findings whatsoever. Correlates to inverse of False Markers per Image.

111092

Recommended CAD Operating Point

The CAD operating point that is recommended for initial display by the creator of the structured report.

111093

CAD Operating Point Table

A list of CAD operating points including their corresponding characteristics.

111099

Selected region

A specific area of interest noted within an image.

111100

Breast geometry

The surface shape of all or a portion of breast related anatomy.

111101

Image Quality

Image quality incorporates the following clinical image evaluation parameters: assessment of positioning, compression, artifacts, exposure, contrast, sharpness, and labeling.

111102

Non-lesion

A finding or feature that is identified as a non-anatomic foreign object.

111103

Density

A space-occupying lesion identified in a single image or projection

Retired. Replaced by (F-01796, SRT, "Mammography breast density").

111104

Individual Calcification

A single identified calcification

Retired. Replaced by (F-01776, SRT, "Individual Calcification").

111105

Calcification Cluster

Multiple calcifications identified as occupying a small area of tissue (less than 2 cc)

Retired. Replaced by (F-01775, SRT, "Calcification Cluster").

111111

Cooper's ligament changes

Straightening or thickening of Cooper's ligaments.

111112

Mass in the skin

An abnormality noted at imaging within the dermis of the breast.

111113

Mass on the skin

An abnormality noted at imaging on the epidermis of the breast.

111120

Post Procedure Mammograms for Marker Placement

An assessment category to indicate that images have been acquired to assess marker placement following a breast interventional procedure.

111121

Follow-up post biopsy as directed by clinician

An indication that the patient should seek post procedural follow-up directives from a clinical health care provider.

111122

Known biopsy proven malignancy - take appropriate action

A recommendation on a patient with known cancer to take steps appropriate to the diagnosis.

111123

Marker placement

Positioning of a radiopaque marker.

111124

Personal history of breast cancer with mastectomy

Patient has previous diagnosis of breast cancer resulting in mastectomy.

111125

Known biopsy proven malignancy

Patient has had biopsy containing proven malignancy.

111126

Image detected mass

Patient has a finding of mass reported on a prior imaging exam.

111127

Targeted

A breast imaging procedure performed on a specific area of the breast.

111128

Survey

A breast imaging procedure performed on the entire breast.

111129

Clustered microcysts

A cluster of tiny anechoic foci each smaller than 2-3 mm in diameter with thin (less than 0.5 mm) intervening septations and no discrete solid components.

111130

Complicated cyst

A fluid filled mass most commonly characterized by homogeneous low-level internal echoes on ultrasound.

111135

Additional projections

Views not inclusive of MLO and CC (BI-RADS®).

111136

Spot magnification view(s)

A spot or coned down compression of the breast providing a reduction in the thickness and a magnification of the localized area of interest and improved separation of breast tissue.

111137

Ultrasound

Retired. Replaced by (P5-B0000, SRT, "Diagnostic ultrasonography").

111138

Old films for comparison

Obtain previous mammography studies to compare to present study.

111139

Ductography

A medical procedure used for the sampling of mammary duct tissue

Retired. Replaced by (P5-40060, SRT, "Mammary ductogram").

111140

Normal interval follow-up

Follow up study at 12 months for women ≥ 40 years of age having a prior negative study and no mitigating risk factors for breast cancer.

111141

Any decision to biopsy should be based on clinical assessment

Any decision to perform tissue acquisition should be based on clinical assessment.

111142

Follow-up at short interval (1-11 months)

Follow-up at short interval (1-11 months).

111143

Biopsy should be considered

Tissue acquisition should be considered.

111144

Needle localization and biopsy

Breast tissue acquisition following the identification of an area of concern with the placement of a needle or needle-wire assembly.

111145

Histology using core biopsy

Pathologic analysis of breast tissue and lesions using core tissue samples.

111146

Suggestive of malignancy - take appropriate action

Lesions that do not have the characteristic morphologies of breast cancer but have a definite probability of being malignant. There is a sufficient concern to urge a biopsy.

111147

Cytologic analysis

Cellular analysis of specimen.

111148

Biopsy should be strongly considered

Tissue acquisition should be strongly considered.

111149

Highly suggestive of malignancy - take appropriate action

Lesions have a high probability of being cancer, which require additional action.

111150

Presentation Required: Rendering device is expected to present

The producer of a report intends for a recipient of the report to present or display the associated Content Item.

111151

Presentation Optional: Rendering device may present

The producer of a report considers the presentation or display of the associated Content Item by a recipient to be optional.

111152

Not for Presentation: Rendering device expected not to present

The producer of a report intends for a recipient of the report NOT to present or display the associated Content Item.

111153

Target content items are related temporally

The associated Content Items are identified as being the same finding or feature at different points in time.

111154

Target content items are related spatially

The associated Content Items are identified as being the same finding or feature on different projections taken at the same point in time.

111155

Target content items are related contra-laterally

The associated Content Items are identified as being related side-to-side.

111156

Feature detected on the only image

There is one image in the interpreted data set.

111157

Feature detected on only one of the images

There is more than one image of the same modality in the interpreted data set.

111158

Feature detected on multiple images

There is more than one image of the same modality in the interpreted data set.

111159

Feature detected on images from multiple modalities

The interpreted data set contains images from multiple modalities.

111168

Scar tissue

The fibrous tissue replacing normal tissues destroyed by disease or injury

Retired. Replaced by (M-78060, SRT, "Scar tissue").

111170

J Wire

A medical appliance used for localization of non palpable breast lesions to insure that the proper area is removed in a surgical biopsy

Retired. Replaced by (A-1016B, SRT, "J Wire").

111171

Pacemaker

A medical appliance used for regulating cardiac rhythms

Retired. Replaced by (A-11101, SRT, "Cardiac Pacemaker").

111172

Paddle

A compression device used for obtaining mammographic images

Retired. Replaced by (A-10042, SRT, "Compression paddle").

111173

Collimator

A device used for restricting an X-Ray beam

Retired. Replaced by (A-0110F, SRT, "Collimator").

111174

ID Plate

An area designated on a radiographic film for facility and patient ID information

Retired. Replaced by (A-16016, SRT, "ID Plate").

111175

Other Marker

Site specific markers.

111176

Unspecified

The value of the concept is not specified

This term may not be used in Context Group Extensions; see Section 7.2.3

111177

View and Laterality Marker is missing

Image quality deficiency according to MQSA.

111178

View and Laterality Marker does not have both view and laterality

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111179

View and Laterality Marker does not have approved codes

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111180

View and Laterality Marker is not near the axilla

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111181

View and Laterality Marker overlaps breast tissue

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111182

View and Laterality Marker is partially obscured

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111183

View and Laterality Marker is incorrect

Image quality deficiency.

111184

View and Laterality Marker is off image

Image quality deficiency.

111185

Flash is not near edge of film

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111186

Flash is illegible, does not fit, or is lopsided

Image quality deficiency according to MQSA.

111187

Flash doesn't include patient name and additional patient id

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111188

Flash doesn't include date of examination

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111189

Flash doesn't include facility name and location

Image quality deficiency according to MQSA.

111190

Flash doesn't include technologist identification

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111191

Flash doesn't include cassette/screen/detector identification

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111192

Flash doesn't include mammography unit identification

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111193

Date sticker is missing

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111194

Technical factors missing

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111195

Collimation too close to breast

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111196

Inadequate compression

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111197

MLO Insufficient pectoral muscle

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111198

MLO No fat is visualized posterior to fibroglandular tissues

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111199

MLO Poor separation of deep and superficial breast tissues

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111200

MLO Evidence of motion blur

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111201

MLO Inframammary fold is not open

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111202

CC Not all medial tissue visualized

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111203

CC Nipple not centered on image

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111204

CC Posterior nipple line does not measure within 1 cm of MLO

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111205

Nipple not in profile

Image quality deficiency.

111206

Insufficient implant displacement incorrect

Image quality deficiency according to MQCM.

111207

Image artifact(s)

Signals that do not faithfully reproduce actual anatomic structures because of distortion or of addition or deletion of information.

111208

Grid artifact(s)

Feature(s) arising from the acquisition unit's anti-scatter grid mechanism. For two-dimensional systems, such features include those of mechanically damaged or incorrectly positioned grids. For moving or Bucky grids, artifacts may result from intentional grid motion that is inadequate in duration or velocity uniformity.

111209

Positioning

Inadequate arrangement of the anatomy of interest with respect to the X-Ray field and image detector sensitive area. Examples: 1) positioning is "cutoff" when the projection of anatomy of interest falls outside the sensitive area of the detector; 2) "cone cut", in which the X-Ray field does not adequately cover the anatomy of interest; 3) detector's sensitive surface is too small to cover the projection of the anatomy of interest; 4) improper angular orientation or "rotation" of anatomy of interest with respect to the X-Ray source, or detector; 5) projection of other anatomy or clothing over the anatomy of interest in the image.

111210

Motion blur

Unacceptable image blur resulting from motion of the anatomy of interest during exposure or the inadequately compensated motion of X-Ray source with respect to the image detector during exposure.

111211

Under exposed

Inadequate number of quanta reached the detector during exposure. Reasons for under exposed images include low kVp, low mAs product, excess Source Image Distance. Under exposed images have inadequate signal and higher noise in the areas of interest.

111212

Over exposed

An excess number of quanta reached the detector during exposure. Reasons for over exposed images include high kVp, high mAs product, short Source Image Distance. Over exposed images have high signal and lower noise in the areas of interest. Over exposed area may demonstrate lack of contrast from over saturation of the detector.

111213

No image

No evidence of a patient exposure.

111214

Detector artifact(s)

Superposed features or flaws of the detector.

111215

Artifact(s) other than grid or detector artifact

Features or discontinuities arising from causes other than the anti-scatter grid and image detector.

111216

Mechanical failure

Failure of the device to operate according to mechanical design specifications.

111217

Electrical failure

Failure of a device to operate according to electrical design specifications.

111218

Software failure

Attributable to software used in generation or handling of image.

111219

Inappropriate image processing

Images processed inappropriately, not following appropriate protocol.

111220

Other failure

Failure that is not mechanical or electrical or otherwise described.

111221

Unknown failure

Unidentified or unknown cause of failure.

111222

Succeeded

The attempted process was completely successful.

111223

Partially Succeeded

The attempted process succeeded in some ways, but failed in others.

111224

Failed

The attempted process completely failed.

111225

Not Attempted

No process was performed.

111233

Individual Impression / Recommendation Analysis

Analysis of a related group of findings or features detected during image data inspection, to produce a summary impression and/or recommendation.

111234

Overall Impression / Recommendation Analysis

Analysis of all groups of findings or features, to produce a single impression and/or recommendation.

111235

Unusable - Quality renders image unusable

The usability of an image for diagnostic interpretation or CAD, based on a quality control standard.

111236

Usable - Does not meet the quality control standard

The usability of an image for diagnostic interpretation or CAD, based on a quality control standard.

111237

Usable - Meets the quality control standard

The usability of an image for diagnostic interpretation or CAD, based on a quality control standard.

111238

Mammography Quality Control Manual 1999, ACR

An image quality control standard specified by the American College of Radiology.

111239

Title 21 CFR Section 900, Subpart B

An image quality control standard in the US Code of Federal Regulations.

111240

Institutionally defined quality control standard

An image quality control standard specified or adopted by the institution responsible for the document.

111241

All algorithms succeeded; without findings

No findings resulted upon successful completion of all attempted computer-aided detection and/or analysis.

111242

All algorithms succeeded; with findings

One or more findings resulted upon successful completion of all attempted computer-aided detection and/or analysis.

111243

Not all algorithms succeeded; without findings

No findings resulted from the attempted computer-aided detection and/or analysis, but one or more failures occurred in the process.

111244

Not all algorithms succeeded; with findings

One or more findings resulted from the attempted computer-aided detection and/or analysis, but one or more failures occurred in the process.

111245

No algorithms succeeded; without findings

All of the attempted computer-aided detection and/or analysis failed, so there could be no findings.

111248

Adenolipoma

A benign tumor having glandular characteristics but composed of fat, with the presence of normal mammary ducts

Retired. Replaced by (M-83240, SRT, "Adenolipoma").

111249

Ductal hyperplasia

Retired. Replaced by (M-72170, SRT, "Ductal hyperplasia, Usual").

111250

Adenomyoepithelioma

Neoplasms composed of myoepithelial cells

Retired. Replaced by (M-89830, SRT, "Adenomyoepithelioma").

111251

Normal axillary node

Axillary node that is normal in appearance with no associated pathology.

111252

Axillary node with calcifications

Axillary node containing calcifications.

111253

Axillary node hyperplasia

Excessive proliferation of normal tissue arrangement of the axillary node.

111254

Asynchronous involution

Retired. Replaced by (F-8A063, SRT, "Asynchronous involution of breast").

111255

Benign cyst with blood

Cyst with benign morphology containing blood.

111256

Benign Calcifications

Calcifications having typically benign morphology. They are not of intermediate or high probability of concern for malignancy.

111257

Intracystic papilloma

Growing within a cystic adenoma, filling the cavity with a mass of branching epithelial processes

Retired. Replaced by (M-85040, SRT, "Intracystic papilloma").

111258

Ductal adenoma

Adenoma located in mammary duct, present as discrete sclerotic nodules, solitary or multiple.

111259

Diabetic fibrous mastopathy

The occurrence of fibrous tumor-forming stromal proliferation in patients with diabetes mellitus.

111260

Extra abdominal desmoid

A deep seated firm tumor frequently occurring on the chest consisting of collagenous tissue that infiltrates surround muscle; frequently recurs but does not metastasize

Retired. Replaced by (M-88211, SRT, "Extra abdominal desmoid").

111262

Epidermal inclusion cyst

A cyst formed of a mass of epithelial cells, as a result of trauma has been pushed beneath the epidermis. The cyst is lined with squamous epithelium and contains concentric layers or keratin

Retired. Replaced by (M-33415, SRT, "Epidermal inclusion cyst").

111263

Fibroadenomatoid hyperplasia

Excessive proliferation of fibroadenoma tissue.

111264

Fibroadenolipoma

A lipoma with an abundant stroma of fibrous tissue.

111265

Foreign body (reaction)

Retired. Replaced by (M-44140, SRT, "Foreign body (reaction) ").

111269

Galactocele

Retention cyst caused by occlusion of a lactiferous duct

Retired. Replaced by (D7-90364, SRT, "Galactocele").

111271

Hemangioma - nonparenchymal, subcutaneous

A congenital anomaly that leads to a proliferation of blood vessels leading to a mass that resembles a neoplasm, not located in parenchymal areas but subcutaneous

Retired. Replaced by (D3-F0620, SRT, "Hemangioma of subcutaneous tissue").

111273

Hyperplasia, usual

Retired. Replaced by (M-72000, SRT, "Hyperplasia, usual").

111277

Juvenile papillomatosis

A form of fibrocystic disease in young woman with florid and sclerosing adenosis that microscopically may suggest carcinoma.

111278

Lactating adenoma

Enlarging masses during lactation. A circumscribed benign tumor composed primarily of glandular structures with scanty stroma, with prominent secretory changes in the duct

Retired. Replaced by (M-82040, SRT, "Lactating adenoma").

111279

Lactational change

Changes related to the process of lactation.

111281

Large duct papilloma

A papilloma pertaining to large mammary duct.

111283

Myofibroblastoma

Solitary or multiple tumors of muscles and fibrous tissues, or tumors composed of myofibroblasts

Retired. Replaced by (M-88250, SRT, "Myofibroblastoma").

111284

Microglandular adenosis

Irregular clusters of small tubules are present in adipose or fibrous tissue, resembling tubular carcinoma but lacking stromal fibroblastic proliferation.

111285

Multiple Intraductal Papillomas

Papilloma typically involving an aggregate of adjacent ducts in the periphery of the breast, likely representing involvement of several foci of one or two duct systems.

111286

No abnormality

No abnormality.

111287

Normal breast tissue

Normal breast tissue.

111288

Neurofibromatosis

Condition in which there are tumors of various sizes on peripheral nerves. They may be neuromas or fibromas

Retired. Replaced by (M-95401, SRT, "Neurofibromatosis").

111290

Oil cyst (fat necrosis cyst)

A cyst resulting from the loss of the epithelial lining of a sebaceous dermoid or lacteal cyst.

111291

Post reduction mammoplasty

Breast tissue with characteristics of a benign nature, following breast reduction surgery.

111292

Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia

A benign stromal lesion composed of intermixed stromal and epithelial elements. The lobular and duct structures of the breast parenchyma are separated by an increased amount of stroma, non specific proliferative epithelial changes include hyperplasia of duct and lobular epithelium often with accentuation of myoepithelial cells and aprocine metaplasia with or without cyst formation.

111293

Radial scar

An nonencapsulated stellate lesion consisting of a fibroelastic core and radiating bands of fibrous connective tissue containing lobules manifesting adenosis and ducts with papillary or diffuse intraductal hyperplasia

Retired. Replaced by (M-78731, SRT, "Radial scar").

111294

Sclerosing adenosis

Prominent interductal fibrosis of the terminal ductules

Retired. Replaced by (M-74220, SRT, "Sclerosing adenosis").

111296

Silicone granuloma

Nodular inflammatory lesions due to the presence of silicone in the breast tissue.

111297

Nipple Characteristic

The morphologic status of the nipple.

111298

Virginal hyperplasia

Spontaneous excessive proliferation of breast tissue, usually found in younger women.

111299

Peripheral duct papillomas

Papilloma(s) pertaining the peripheral ducts.

111300

Axillary node with lymphoma

Axillary node with lymphoid tissue neoplasm.

111301

Axillary nodal metastases

Metastatic disease to the axillary node.

111302

Angiosarcoma

A malignant neoplasm occurring most often in breast and skin, believed to originate from endothelial cells of blood vessels, microscopically composed of closely packed round or spindle shaped cells, some of which line small spaces resembling vascular clefts

Retired. Replaced by (M-91203, SRT, "Angiosarcoma").

111303

Blood vessel (vascular) invasion

Histological changes to the vascular system related to an invasive process.

111304

Carcinoma in children

Carcinoma of the breast found in patients less than 20 years of age.

111305

Carcinoma in ectopic breast

A carcinoma found in supernumerary breasts and aberrant breast tissue.

111306

Carcinoma with endocrine differentiation

A carcinoma that synthesizes substances, including hormones, not considered to be normal products of the breast.

111307

Basal cell carcinoma of nipple

A basal cell carcinoma that arises in the nipple of the breast.

111308

Carcinoma with metaplasia

Retired. Replaced by (M-85733, SRT, "Carcinoma with metaplasia").

111309

Cartilaginous and osseous change

Tissue changes to bones and cartilage.

111310

Carcinoma in pregnancy and lactation

Carcinoma of the breast presenting during pregnancy or lactation.

111311

Carcinosarcoma

A malignant neoplasm that contains elements of carcinoma and sarcoma, so extensively intermixed as to indicate neoplasia of epithelial and mesenchymal tissue

Retired. Replaced by (M-89803, SRT, "Carcinosarcoma").

111312

Intraductal comedocarcinoma with necrosis

Comedocarcinoma of a duct with areas of necrotic tissue.

111313

Intraductal carcinoma, low grade

A non-invasive carcinoma restricted to the glandular lumen characterized by less aggressive malignant cytologic features and behavior.

111314

Intraductal carcinoma micro-papillary

Retired. Replaced by (M-85072, SRT, "Intraductal carcinoma micro-papillary").

111315

Intracystic papillary carcinoma

A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells found in a cyst.

111316

Invasive and in-situ carcinoma

Carcinoma with both characteristics of localized and spreading disease.

111317

Invasive lobular carcinoma

Retired. Replaced by (M-85203, SRT, "Invasive lobular carcinoma").

111318

Leukemic infiltration

Mammary infiltrates as a secondary manifestation in patients with established leukemia.

111320

Lympathic vessel invasion

Histological changes to the lymphatic system related to an invasive process.

111321

Lymphoma

A heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising in the reticuloendoethelial and lymphatic systems

Retired. Replaced by (M-95903, SRT, "Lymphoma").

111322

Occult carcinoma presenting with axillary lymph node metastases

A small carcinoma, either asymptomatic or giving rise to metastases without symptoms due to the primary carcinoma presenting with metastatic disease in the axillary lymph nodes.

111323

Metastatic cancer to the breast

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a non-mammary malignant neoplasm.

111324

Metastatic cancer to the breast from the colon

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a neoplasm in the colon.

111325

Metastatic cancer to the breast from the lung

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a neoplasm in the lung.

111326

Metastatic melanoma to the breast

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a melanoma.

111327

Metastatic cancer to the breast from the ovary

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a neoplasm in the ovary.

111328

Metastatic sarcoma to the breast

A malignant lesion in the breast with morphologic patterns not typical of breast carcinoma arising from a sarcoma.

111329

Multifocal intraductal carcinoma

Multiple foci of non-invasive carcinoma restricted to the glandular lumen.

111330

Metastatic disease to axillary node

A malignant lesion in an axillary node arising from a non-axillary neoplasm.

111331

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma

Retired. Replaced by (M-88303, SRT, "Malignant fibrous histiocytoma").

111332

Multifocal invasive ductal carcinoma

Multiple sites of ductal carcinoma.

111333

Metastasis to an intramammary lymph node

A malignant lesion in a intramammary lymph node arising from a non-intramammary lymph node neoplasm.

111334

Malignant melanoma of nipple

A malignant melanoma of the skin that arises in the nipple of the breast.

111335

Neoplasm of the mammary skin

Retired. Replaced by (D0-F035F, SRT, "Neoplasm of the mammary skin").

111336

Papillary carcinoma in-situ

Retired. Replaced by (M-80502, SRT, "Papillary carcinoma in-situ").

111338

Recurrent malignancy

Recurrent malignancy.

111340

Squamous cell carcinoma of the nipple

Squamous cell carcinoma to the terminal portion of the alveolar.

111341

Intraductal carcinoma, high grade

A non-invasive carcinoma restricted to the glandular lumen characterized by more aggressive malignant cytologic features and behavior.

111342

Invasive cribriform carcinoma

Retired. Replaced by (M-82013, SRT, "Invasive cribriform carcinoma").

111343

Angular margins

An indication that some or all of the margin of a lesion has sharp corners, often forming acute angles.

111344

Fine pleomorphic calcification

Calcifications that vary in sizes and shapes and are usually smaller than0.5 mm in diameter.

111345

Macrocalcifications

Coarse calcifications that are 0.5 mm or greater in size.

111346

Calcifications within a mass

An indicator that calcifications are imbedded within a mass.

111347

Calcifications outside of a mass

An indicator that calcifications are imaged outside of a mass finding.

111350

Breast background echotexture

Tissue composition of the breast noted on sonography.

111351

Homogeneous fat echotexture

Fat lobules and uniformly echogenic bands of supporting structures comprise the bulk of breast tissue.

111352

Homogeneous fibroglandular echotexture

A uniformly echogenic layer of fibroglandular tissue is seen beneath a thin layer of subcutaneous fat.

111353

Heterogeneous echotexture

The breast texture is characterized by multiple small areas of increased and decreased echogenicity.

111354

Orientation

Referential relationship of the finding to the imaging device as noted on sonography.

111355

Parallel

The long axis of a lesion parallels the skin line ("wider-than-tall" or in a horizontal orientation).

111356

Not parallel

The anterior-posterior or vertical dimension is greater than the transverse or horizontal dimension.

111357

Lesion boundary

The lesion boundary describes the transition zone between the mass and the surrounding tissue.

111358

Abrupt interface

The sharp demarcation between the lesion and surrounding tissue can be imperceptible or a distinct well-defined echogenic rim of any thickness.

111359

Echogenic halo

There is no sharp demarcation between the mass and the surrounding tissue, which is bridged by an echogenic transition zone.

111360

Echo pattern

An imaging characteristic of resonance noted during sonography.

111361

Anechoic

Without internal echoes.

111362

Hyperechoic

Having increased echogenicity relative to fat or equal to fibroglandular tissue.

111363

Complex

Mass contains both anechoic and echogenic components.

111364

Hypoechoic

Defined relative to fat; masses are characterized by low-level echoes throughout. E.g., appearance of a complicated cyst or fibroadenoma.

111365

Isoechoic

Having the same echogenicity as fat (a complicated cyst or fibroadenoma may be isoechoic or hypoechoic).

111366

Posterior acoustic features

The attenuation characteristics of a mass with respect to its acoustic transmission.

111367

No posterior acoustic features

No posterior shadowing or enhancement.

111368

Posterior enhancement

Increased posterior echoes.

111369

Posterior shadowing

Decreased posterior echoes; edge shadows are excluded.

111370

Combined posterior enhancement and shadowing

More than one pattern of posterior attenuation, both shadowing and enhancement.

111371

Identifiable effect on surrounding tissues

Sonographic appearance of adjacent structures relative to a mass finding.

111372

Vascularity

Characterization of vascularization in region of interest.

111373

Vascularity not present

Vascularity not evident, such as on ultrasound.

111374

Vascularity not assessed

Vascularity not evaluated.

111375

Vascularity present in lesion

Vascularity on imaging is seen within a lesion.

111376

Vascularity present immediately adjacent to lesion

Vascularity on imaging is seen immediately adjacent to a lesion.

111377

Diffusely increased vascularity in surrounding tissue

Vascularity on imaging is considered diffusely elevated within the surrounding breast tissue.

111380

Correlation to other Findings

Relationship of the new anomaly to other clinical or imaging anomalies.

111381

Correlates to physical exam findings

An indication that the current imaging finding relates to a finding from a clinical breast exam.

111382

Correlates to mammography findings

An indication that the current imaging finding relates to a finding from a mammography exam.

111383

Correlates to MRI findings

An indication that the current imaging finding relates to a finding from a breast MRI exam.

111384

Correlates to ultrasound findings

An indication that the current imaging finding relates to a finding from a breast ultrasound exam.

111385

Correlates to other imaging findings

An indication that the current imaging finding relates to a finding from an imaging exam.

111386

No correlation to other imaging findings

An indication that the current imaging finding has no relation to findings from any other imaging exam.

111387

No correlation to clinical findings

An indication that the current imaging finding has no relation to any other clinical findings.

111388

Malignancy Type

Classification of the cancer as invasive, DCIS, or other.

111389

Invasive breast carcinoma

A malignancy that has spread beyond an area of focus.

111390

Other malignancy type

A breast cancer with malignant pathology findings that are not classified as invasive or in situ.

111391

Menstrual Cycle Phase

A specific timeframe during menses.

111392

1st week

In the first week of the menstrual cycle phase, that is, one week following menses.

111393

2nd week

In the second week of the menstrual cycle phase, that is, two weeks following menses.

111394

3rd week

In the third week of the menstrual cycle phase, that is, three weeks following menses.

111395

Estimated Timeframe

An estimated period of time.

111396

< 3 months ago

An event occurred less than 3 months ago.

111397

4 months to 1 year ago

An event occurred between 4 months and 1 year ago.

111398

> 1 year ago

An event occurred longer than 1 year ago.

111399

Timeframe uncertain

The timing of an event is not recalled.

111400

Breast Imaging Report

Report title for the diagnostic report for one or more breast imaging or intervention procedures.

111401

Reason for procedure

Concept name for the description of why a procedure has been performed.

111402

Clinical Finding

A finding during clinical examination (i.e., history and physical examination) such as pain, palpable mass or discharge.

111403

Baseline screening mammogram

First screening mammogram taken for patient that is used as a comparison baseline for further examinations.

111404

First mammogram ever

First mammogram taken for a patient without regard to whether it was for screening or a diagnostic procedure.

111405