DICOM PS3.16 2019a - Content Mapping Resource

2 Normative References

The following standards contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibilities of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below.

2.1 General

[Alderman 1992] Coronary Artery Disease. Alderman EL and Stadius M. 1992. 3. 12. 1189-208. “The angiographic definitions of the bypass angioplasty revascularization investigation”. http://journals.lww.com/coronary-artery/Abstract/1992/12000/The_angiographie_definitions_of_the_Bypass.12.aspx .

[ASTM E 1762-04] ASTM. . Standard Guide for Electronic Authentication of Health Care Information, ASTM International.

[ASTM E 2084-00] ASTM. . Standard Specification for Authentication of Healthcare Information Using Digital Signatures, ASTM International.

[AAPM Report 204] American Association of Physicists in Medicine, College Park, Maryland. 2011. Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSDE) in Pediatric and Adult Body CT Examinations. http://www.aapm.org/pubs/reports/RPT_204.pdf .

[AAPM Report 220] American Association of Physicists in Medicine. September 2014. Report of AAPM Task Group 220 - Use of Water Equivalent Diameter for Calculating Patient Size and Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSDE) in CT. http://www.aapm.org/pubs/reports/rpt_220.pdf .

[AAPM OR 03] American Association of Physicists in Medicine. 2005. Assessment of Display Performance for Medical Imaging Systems. http://www.aapm.org/pubs/reports/OR_03.pdf .

[DIN 6868-57] Deutsches Institut für Normung. 2001. Image quality assurance in diagnostic X-ray departments - Acceptance testing for image display devices.

[ETDRS Report Number 10] ETDRS. . Report Number 10, Grading Diabetic Retinopathy from Stereoscopic Color Fundus Photographs- An Extension of the Modified Airlie House Classification. Ophthalmology, May 1991, vol98 (p786-805), Supplement.

[Feuvret] International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. Feuvret L, Noël G, Mazeron JJ, and Bey P. 2006. 64. 2. 333-342. “Conformity index: a review”. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2005.09.028 .

[HL7 v3 CMET] HL7. . Version 3 Standard: Common Message Element Types.

[IBSI Features] >arXiv. Zwanenburg A, Leger S, Vallières M, and Löck S. 17 Sep 2018. arXiv:1612.07003v7. “Image biomarker standardisation initiative - Reference manual”. https://arxiv.org/abs/1612.07003 .

[ICRU Report 50] International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements. 1993. Prescribing, Recording, and Reporting Photon Beam Therapy.

[IEC 60601-2-44] IEC. . Medical Electrical Equipment - Part 2-44: Particular Requirements for the Safety of X-Ray Equipment for Computed Tomography.

[IEC 61217] IEC. 2011. Ed 2.0. Radiotherapy Equipment - Coordinates, Movements and Scales.

[IEC 62563-1] IEC. 2009. Ed 1.0. Medical Electrical Equipment - Medical image display systems - Part 1: Evaluation methods.

[ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2] ISO/IEC. 2016/05. 7.0. Rules for the structure and drafting of International Standards. http://www.iec.ch/members_experts/refdocs/iec/isoiecdir-2%7Bed7.0%7Den.pdf .

[ISO 639] ISO. . Codes for the representation of names of languages.

[ISO 639-1] ISO. 2002. Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code.

[ISO 639-2] ISO. 1998. Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code.

[ISO 639-3] ISO. 2007. Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages.

[ISO 3166] ISO. . Codes for the representation of names of countries.

[ISO 3166-1] ISO. . Codes for the representation of names of countries — Part 1: Country codes.

[ISO 8824-1] ISO. 2015. Information Technology - Abstract Syntax 1 (ASN.1): Specification of Basic Notation.

[ISO 9834-1] ISO. 2012. Information technology - Open Systems Interconnection - Procedures for the operation of OSI Registration Authorities: General procedures and top arcs of the ASN.1 Object Identifier tree.

[ISO 15924] ISO. 2004. Codes for the representation of names of scripts.

[JJ1017] Japan Medical Imaging and Radiological Systems Industries Association (JIRA) and Japanese Association of Healthcare Information Systems Industry (JAHIS). October 5, 2005. 3.0. Guidelines for HIS, RIS, PACS - Modality Data Communication on Scheduling, Billing, and Examination Records. http://www.jira-net.or.jp/commission/system/04_information/files/JJ1017VER3_20051005.doc .

[NEMA XR 25-2010] National Electrical Manufacturers Association, Rosslyn, Virginia. 2010. Computed Tomography Dose Check Standard. http://www.nema.org/stds/xr25.cfm .

[RadLex] RSNA, Chicago. 2006. A Lexicon for Uniform Indexing and Retrieval of Radiology Information Resources. http://www.radlex.org/ .

[RFC 1766] IETF. March 1995. Tags for the Identification of Languages.

[RFC 3066] IETF. January 2001. Tags for the Identification of Languages.

[RFC 4646] IETF. September 2006. Tags for Identifying Languages.

[RFC 4647] IETF. September 2006. Matching of Language Tags.

[RFC 5646] IETF. September 2009. Tags for Identifying Languages.

[Scanlon 1999] Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Scanlon PJ and et al. May 1999. 33. 6. 1756-824. “ACC/AHA guidelines for coronary angiography - A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Coronary Angiography) developed in collaboration with the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions”. doi:10.1016/S0735-1097(99)00126-6 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735109799001266 .

[SMPTE RP133] Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE). 1991. Specifications for Medical Diagnostic Imaging Test Pattern for Television Monitors and Hard-copy Recording Cameras.

[Stout et al 2013] Molecular Imaging. Stout D, Berr SS, LeBlanc A, Kalen JD, Osborne D, Price J, Schiffer W, Kuntner C, and Wall J. 2013. 12. 7. 1-15. “Guidance for Methods Descriptions Used in Preclinical Imaging Papers”. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2310/7290.2013.00055 .

2.2 BI-RADS® Terminology and Nomenclature

A portion of the terminology used within the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class and the Breast Imaging Report and Relevant Patient Information for Breast Imaging Templates is derived from BI-RADS®, a copyrighted lexicon of breast imaging terminology and nomenclature licensed by DICOM from the American College of Radiology.

[BI-RADS®] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 1998. 3.0. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System Atlas. http://www.acr.org/Quality-Safety/Resources/BIRADS .

2.3 MQCM 1999 Terminology and Nomenclature

References to MQCM 1999 are made in the description of the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class. In this MQCM 1999 refers to the Mammography Quality Control Manual 1999, available from the American College of Radiology. This document describes a standardized approach to mammographic acquisition standards, patient positioning, and so on. The DICOM Standard does not require Mammography CAD SR SOP Class implementations to adhere to MQCM 1999.

[MQCM] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 1999. Mammography Quality Control Manual. http://www.acr.org/Education/Education-Catalog/Products/639 .

2.4 MQSA Terminology and Nomenclature

References to MQSA are made in the description of the Mammography CAD SR SOP Class. In this MQSA refers to the Mammography Quality Standards Act final rules. While MQSA is a federal regulation of the United States government, it provides the only widely published standards for mammographic quality and is incorporated in this document for that reason. The DICOM Standard does not require Mammography CAD SR SOP Class implementations to adhere to MQSA.

[MQSA] U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland. 2002. Mammography Quality Standards Act Regulations. http://www.fda.gov/Radiation-EmittingProducts/MammographyQualityStandardsActandProgram/Regulations/ucm110906.htm .

2.5 ACR Position Statement

[ACR Position Statement] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 2001. Quality Control and Improvement, Safety, Infection Control, and Patient Education. http://www.acr.org/Quality-Safety/Radiology-Safety .

2.6 Chest Radiology and CT

References are made in the description of the Chest CAD SR Templates and context groups.

[Fraser and Pare] Fraser, Muller, Colman, and Pare. 1999. 4th. I. xvii-xxxi. Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Terms Used in Chest Radiology.

[Fraser and Pare] Fraser, Muller, Colman, and Pare. 1999. 4th. I. xxxiii-xxxvi. Diagnosis of Diseases of the Chest. Terms for CT of the Lungs.

[ACR CT PE] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 2001. 109-113. ACR Standards. ACR Standard for the Performance of Computed Tomography for the Detection of Pulmonary Embolism in Adults.

[ACR HR CT] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 2001. 115-118. ACR Standards. ACR Standard for the Performance of High-Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) of the Lungs in Adults.

[ACR Radiography] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 2001. 95-98. ACR Standards. ACR Standard for the Performance of Pediatric and Adult Chest Radiography.

[ACR Thoracic CT] American College of Radiology, Reston, Virginia. 2001. 103-107. ACR Standards. ACR Standard for the Performance of Pediatric and Adult Thoracic Computed Tomography (CT).

2.7 Response Evaluation Criteria

References to Response Evaluation Criteria are made from the Chest CAD SR Templates and context groups

[RECIST] Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Therasse. February 2, 2000. 92. 3. 205-216. “New Guidelines to Evaluate the Response to Treatment in Solid Tumors”. http://www.eortc.be/recist/ .

[WHO] World Health Organization, Geneva. 1979. WHO Handbook for Reporting Results for Cancer Treatment. WHO Offset Publication No. 48. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/9241700483.pdf .

2.8 Myocardial Segmentation

[Cerqueira 2002] Circulation. Cerqueira MD. 2002. 105. 4. 539. “AHA Scientific Statement: Standardized Myocardial Segmentation and Nomenclature for Tomographic Imaging of the Heart”. doi:10.1161/hc0402.102975

2.9 Quantitation of the Left Ventricle

[Schiller 1989] Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography. Schiller. Oct 1989. 2. 5. 358-367. “Recommendations for Quantitation of the Left Ventricle by Two-Dimensional Echocardiography”.

2.10 Cancer Staging

[AJCC] American Joint Committee on Cancer. 2002. Sixth. AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook: From the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. Springer-Verlag. 0-387-95270-5.

2.11 Quantitative Arteriography and Ventriculography

[Sheehan, 1986] Circulation. Sheehan FH, Bolson EL, Dodge HT, Mathey DG, Schofer J, and Woo HW. 1986. 74. 2. 293-305. “Advantages and applications of the centerline method for characterizing regional ventricular function”. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.74.2.293

[Slager, 1986] J Am Coll Cardiol.. Slager CJ, Hooghoudt TE, Serruys PW, Schuurbiers JC, Reiber JH, Meester GT, Verdouw PD, and Hugenholtz PG. 1986. 6. 2. 317-26. “Quantitative assessment of regional left ventricular motion using endocardial landmarks”. doi:10.1016/S0735-1097(86)80498-3

[Kennedy, 1970] Am Heart J. Kennedy JW, Trenholme SE, and Kasser IS. 1970. 80. 3. 343. “Left ventricular volume and mass from single-plane cineangiocardiogram. A comparison of anteroposterior and right anterior oblique methods”.

[Dodge, 1960] Am Heart J. Dodge HT, Sandler H, Ballew DW, and Lord JD. 1960. 60. 5. 762. “The use of biplane angiocardiography for the measurement of left ventricular volume in man”. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0002870360903598 .

[Wynne, 1978] Am J Cardiol. Wynne J, Green LH, Mann T, Levin D, and Grossman W. 1978. 41. 4. 726. “Estimation of left ventricular volumes in man from biplane cineangiograms filmed in oblique projections”.

[Boak, 1977] Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. Boak, JG, Bove AA, Kreulen T, and Spann JF. 1977. 3. 3. 217-30. “A geometric basis for calculation of right ventricular volume in man”. doi:10.1002/ccd.1810030305

[Ferlinz, 1977] Am Heart J. Ferlinz J. 1977. 94. 1. 87-90. “Measurements of right ventricular volumes in man from single plane cineangiograms. A comparison to the biplane approach”. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002870377803487 .

[Graham, 1973] Circulation. Graham TP, Jarmakani JM, Atwood GF, and Canent RV. 1973. 47. 1. 144-53. “Right ventricular volume determinations in children. Normal values and observations with volume or pressure overload”. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.47.1.144

[Arcilla, 1971] Chest. Arcilla RA, Tsai P, Thilenius O, and Ranniger K. 1971. 60. 5. 446. “Angiographic method for volume estimation of right and left ventricles”. doi:10.1378/chest.60.5.446

2.12 IVUS

[Mintz, 2001] Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Mintz GS. 2001. 37. 5. 1478-1492. “American College of Cardiology Clinical Expert Consensus Document on Standards for Acquisition, Measurement and Reporting of Intravascular Ultrasound Studies (IVUS)”. doi:10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01175-5

[Di Mario, 1998] European Heart Journal. Di Mario C. 1998. 19. 2. 207-229. “Clinical Application and Image Interpretation in Intravascular Ultrasound”. doi:10.1053/euhj.1996.0433

[Tobis and Yock] Tobis JM and Yock PC. 1992. Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging. 0443088098.

2.13 C-RADS CT Colonography Reporting and Data System

[Zalis, 2005] Radiology. Zalis ME. 2005. 236. 1. 3-9. “CT Colonography Reporting and Data System: A Consensus Proposal”. doi:10.1148/radiol.2361041926

2.14 Implants

[Eggli, 1998] J Bone Joint Surg Br. Eggli S, Pisan M, and Müller ME. 1998. 80-B. 3. 382-390. “The value of preoperative planning for total hip arthroplasty”. http://www.bjj.boneandjoint.org.uk/content/80-B/3/382 .

2.15 LOINC

[LOINC] Regenstrief Institute, Indianapolis. 2014. Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes. http://loinc.org/ .

This product includes all or a portion of the LOINC® table, LOINC panels and forms file, LOINC document ontology file, and/or LOINC hierarchies file, or is derived from one or more of the foregoing, subject to a license from Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Your use of the LOINC table, LOINC codes, LOINC panels and forms file, LOINC document ontology file, and LOINC hierarchies file also is subject to this license, a copy of which is available at http://loinc.org/terms-of-use. The current complete LOINC table, LOINC Users' Guide, LOINC panels and forms file, LOINC document ontology file, and LOINC hierarchies file are available for download at http://loinc.org/. The LOINC table and LOINC codes are copyright © 1995-2014, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Committee. The LOINC panels and forms file, LOINC document ontology file, and LOINC hierarchies file are copyright © 1995-2014, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.

The LOINC table (in all formats), LOINC panels and forms file, LOINC document ontology file, and LOINC hierarchies are provided "as is." Any express or implied warranties are disclaimed, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

A small portion of the LOINC table may include content (e.g., survey instruments) that is subject to copyrights owned by third parties. Such content has been mapped to LOINC terms under applicable copyright and terms of use. Notice of such third party copyright and license terms would need to be included if such content is included.

2.16 UCUM

[UCUM] Regenstrief Institute, Indianapolis. 2013. Unified Code for Units of Measure. http://unitsofmeasure.org/ .

This product includes all or a portion of the UCUM table, UCUM codes, and UCUM definitions or is derived from it, subject to a license from Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and The UCUM Organization. Your use of the UCUM table, UCUM codes, UCUM definitions also is subject to this license, a copy of which is available at http://unitsofmeasure.org/. The current complete UCUM table, UCUM Specification are available for download at http://unitsofmeasure.org/. The UCUM table and UCUM codes are copyright © 1995-2013, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. and the Unified Codes for Units of Measures (UCUM) Organization. All rights reserved.

The UCUM table (in all formats), UCUM definitions, and specification are provided "as is." Any express or implied warranties are disclaimed, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

2.17 Anesthesia Quality Institute Schema

[AQI Schema] Anesthesia Quality Institute, Schaumburg, IL. 2015/07/30. Anesthesia Quality Institute Schema. http://www.aqihq.org/aqischdoc/default.html .

Used by permission of the Anesthesia Quality Institute (AQI) (http://www.aqihq.org/), established by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

2.18 Point-of-Care Medical Device Nomenclature

Extracts of ISO/IEEE 11073 reprinted by permission of IEEE, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5997 USA. Copyright by IEEE. http://standards.ieee.org/.

Under license from IEEE, the term codes and descriptions of the ISO/IEEE 11073 Nomenclature are available at no cost through the Rosetta Terminology Mapping Management System of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. https://rtmms.nist.gov/rtmms/index.htm

[ISO/IEEE 11073-10101] ISO/IEEE. 2004. . Health informatics - Point-of-care medical device communication - Nomenclature.

[ISO/IEEE 11073-10101a] ISO/IEEE. 2015. . Health informatics - Point-of-care medical device communication - Nomenclature Amendment 1: Additional Definitions.

[ISO/IEEE 11073-10102] ISO/IEEE. 2015. . Health informatics - Point-of-care medical device communication - Annotated ECG - Nomenclature.

2.19 SNOMED Clinical Terms

This DICOM Standard incorporates SNOMED CT®, used by permission of SNOMED International. SNOMED CT®, was originally created by The College of American Pathologists (CAP). SNOMED International was formerly known as the International Health Terminology Standards Development Organisation (IHTSDO).

The SNOMED CT terms used in this Standard (the SNOMED CT DICOM Subset) are the subject of a licensing agreement between NEMA and SNOMED International that allows the use of this defined subset in DICOM conformant applications without further license or payment of fee. Any use of SNOMED CT beyond the terms published in the DICOM Standard is subject to SNOMED CT licensing rules, which may include a fee. For further information about SNOMED CT licensing, go to http://www.snomed.org/snomed-ct/get-snomed or contact SNOMED International at info@snomed.org.

This DICOM Standard incorporates various veterinary terms from the SNOMED CT VetSCT extension, used by permission of the Veterinary Terminology Services Laboratory (VTSL) (http://vtsl.vetmed.vt.edu/). These terms were previously included in SNOMED CT but have since been inactivated as moved elsewhere.

[SNOMED] SNOMED International. . SNOMED CT Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms.

2.20 Prostate Reporting Terminology and Nomenclature

The Prostate Imaging and Report and Data System Version 2 (PI-RADS v2) is a joint effort of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology, the American College of Radiology and the AdMetech Foundation.

[PI-RADS v2] Eur Urol. Weinreb JC, Barentsz JO, Choyke PL, Cornud F, Haider MA, Macura KJ, Margolis, D, Schnall, MD, Shtern, F, Tempany, CM., Thoeny, HC, and Verma, S. 2016/01. 69. 1. 16-40. “PI-RADS Prostate Imaging - Reporting and Data System: 2015, Version 2”. doi:10.1016/j.eururo.2015.08.052 http://www.europeanurology.com/article/S0302-2838%2815%2900848-9/ .

Note

PI-RADS is also available from the following sources:

[Prostate Eu Concensus] Eur Urol. Dickinson L, Ahmed HU., Allen C, Barentsz JO, Carey B, Futterer JJ, Heijmink SW, Hoskin PJ, Kirkham A, and Padhani AR. 2011. 59. 4. 477-94. “Magnetic resonance imaging for the detection, localisation, and characterisation of prostate cancer: recommendations from a European consensus meeting”. doi:10.1016/j.eururo.2010.12.009 http://www.europeanurology.com/article/S0302-2838(10)01187-5/ .

[ESUR Guidelines] Eur Radiol. Barentsz JO, Richenberg J, Clements R, Choyke P, Verma S, Villeirs G, Rouviere O, Logager V, and Fütterer JJ. 2012/04. 22. 4. 746-57. “ESUR prostate MR guidelines 2012”. doi:10.1007/s00330-011-2377-y http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3297750/ .

DICOM PS3.16 2019a - Content Mapping Resource