DICOM PS3.3 2017d - Information Object Definitions

C.8.8.2 RT Image Module

Table C.8-38 contains attributes that describe RT-specific characteristics of a projection image. The image described by these attributes must be a radiotherapy image acquired or calculated using a conical imaging geometry.

Table C.8-38. RT Image Module Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Samples per Pixel

(0028,0002)

1

Number of samples (planes) in this image. See Section C.8.8.2.6.1 for specialization.

Photometric Interpretation

(0028,0004)

1

Specifies the intended interpretation of the pixel data. See Section C.8.8.2.6.2 for specialization.

Bits Allocated

(0028,0100)

1

Number of bits allocated for each pixel sample. Each sample shall have the same number of bits allocated. See Section C.8.8.2.6.3 for specialization.

Bits Stored

(0028,0101)

1

Number of bits stored for each pixel sample. Each sample shall have the same number of bits stored. See Section C.8.8.2.6.4 for specialization.

High Bit

(0028,0102)

1

Most significant bit for each pixel sample. Each sample shall have the same high bit. See Section C.8.8.2.6.5 for specialization.

Pixel Representation

(0028,0103)

1

Data representation of the pixel samples. Each sample shall have the same pixel representation. See Section C.8.8.2.6.6 for specialization.

Pixel Intensity Relationship

(0028,1040)

3

The relationship between the Pixel sample values and the X-Ray beam intensity.

See Section C.8.19.6.4.1.1.

Pixel Intensity Relationship Sign

(0028,1041)

1C

The sign of the relationship between the Pixel sample values stored in Pixel Data (7FE0,0010) and the X-Ray beam intensity.

Required if Pixel Intensity Relationship (0028,1040) is present.

Enumerated Values:

+1

Lower pixel values correspond to less X-Ray beam intensity

-1

Higher pixel values correspond to less X-Ray beam intensity

See Section C.8.11.3.1.2 for further explanation.

RT Image Label

(3002,0002)

1

User-defined label for RT Image.

RT Image Name

(3002,0003)

3

User-defined name for RT Image.

RT Image Description

(3002,0004)

3

User-defined description of RT Image.

Image Type

(0008,0008)

1

Image identification characteristics (see Section C.7.6.1.1.2).

Defined Terms for Value 3:

DRR

digitally reconstructed radiograph

PORTAL

digital portal image or portal film image

SIMULATOR

conventional simulator image

RADIOGRAPH

radiographic image

BLANK

image pixels set to background value

FLUENCE

fluence map

Conversion Type

(0008,0064)

2

Describes the kind of image conversion.

Defined Terms:

DV

Digitized Video

DI

Digital Interface

DF

Digitized Film

WSD

Workstation

Reported Values Origin

(3002,000A)

2C

Describes the origin of the parameter values reported in the image. Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is SIMULATOR or PORTAL.

Enumerated Values:

OPERATOR

manually entered by operator

PLAN

planned parameter values

ACTUAL

electronically recorded

RT Image Plane

(3002,000C)

1

Describes whether or not image plane is normal to beam axis.

Enumerated Values:

NORMAL

image plane normal to beam axis

NON_NORMAL

image plane non-normal to beam axis

X-Ray Image Receptor Translation

(3002,000D)

3

Position in (x,y,z) coordinates of origin of IEC X-RAY IMAGE RECEPTOR System in the IEC GANTRY coordinate system (mm). See Note 2.

X-Ray Image Receptor Angle

(3002,000E)

2

X-Ray Image Receptor Angle i.e., orientation of IEC X-RAY IMAGE RECEPTOR coordinate system with respect to IEC GANTRY coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.2.2.

RT Image Orientation

(3002,0010)

2C

The direction cosines of the first row and the first column with respect to the IEC X-RAY IMAGE RECEPTOR coordinate system. Required if RT Image Plane (3002,000C) is NON_NORMAL. May be present otherwise.

Image Plane Pixel Spacing

(3002,0011)

2

Physical distance (in mm) between the center of each image pixel, specified by a numeric pair - adjacent row spacing (delimiter) adjacent column spacing. See Section C.8.8.2.3 and Section 10.7.1.3 for further explanation.

RT Image Position

(3002,0012)

2

The x and y coordinates (in mm) of the upper left hand corner of the image, in the IEC X-RAY IMAGE RECEPTOR coordinate system. This is the center of the first pixel transmitted. See Section C.8.8.2.7.

Radiation Machine Name

(3002,0020)

2

User-defined name identifying radiation machine used in acquiring or computing image (i.e., name of conventional simulator, electron accelerator, X-Ray device, or machine modeled when calculating DRR).

Primary Dosimeter Unit

(300A,00B3)

2

Measurement unit of machine dosimeter.

Enumerated Values:

MU

Monitor Unit

MINUTE

minute

Radiation Machine SAD

(3002,0022)

2

Radiation source to Gantry rotation axis distance of radiation machine used in acquiring or computing image (mm).

Radiation Machine SSD

(3002,0024)

3

Source to patient surface distance (in mm) of radiation machine used in acquiring or computing image.

RT Image SID

(3002,0026)

2

Distance from radiation machine source to image plane (in mm) along radiation beam axis. See Section C.8.8.2.3.

Source to Reference Object Distance

(3002,0028)

3

Source to reference object distance (in mm), as used for magnification calculation of RADIOGRAPH and SIMULATOR images.

Referenced RT Plan Sequence

(300C,0002)

3

Sequence of one Class/Instance pair describing RT Plan associated with image.

Only a single item is permitted in this Sequence.

>Include Table 10-11 “SOP Instance Reference Macro Attributes”

Referenced Beam Number

(300C,0006)

3

Uniquely identifies the corresponding N-segment treatment beam specified by Beam Number (300A,00C0) within Beam Sequence (300A,00B0) in RT Beams Module within the RT Plan referenced in Referenced RT Plan Sequence (300C,0002) or the Ion Beam Sequence (300A,03A2) in the RT Ion Beams Module within the RT Ion Plan referenced in Referenced RT Plan Sequence (300C,0002).

Referenced Fraction Group Number

(300C,0022)

3

Identifier of Fraction Group within RT Plan referenced in Referenced RT Plan Sequence (300C,0002).

Fraction Number

(3002,0029)

3

Fraction Number of fraction during which image was acquired, within Fraction Group referenced by Referenced Fraction Group Number (300C,0022) within RT Plan referenced in Referenced RT Plan Sequence (300C,0002).

Start Cumulative Meterset Weight

(300C,0008)

3

Cumulative Meterset Weight within Beam referenced by Referenced Beam Number (300C,0006) at which image acquisition starts.

End Cumulative Meterset Weight

(300C,0009)

3

Cumulative Meterset Weight within Beam referenced by Referenced Beam Number (300C,0006) at which image acquisition ends.

Exposure Sequence

(3002,0030)

3

Sequence of Exposure parameter sets, corresponding to exposures used in generating the image.

One or more Items are permitted in this Sequence. See Section C.8.8.2.4.

>Referenced Frame Number

(0008,1160)

1C

Identifies corresponding image frame in multi-frame image. Required if there is more than one item in Exposure Sequence (3002,0030), and image is a multi-frame image.

>KVP

(0018,0060)

2C

Peak kilo voltage output (kV) of X-Ray generator used to acquire image. Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is PORTAL, SIMULATOR or RADIOGRAPH.

>Primary Fluence Mode Sequence

(3002,0050)

3

Sequence defining whether the primary fluence of the treatment beam uses a non-standard fluence-shaping.

Only a single Item is permitted in this Sequence.

>>Fluence Mode

(3002,0051)

1

Describes whether the fluence shaping is the standard mode for the beam or an alternate.

Enumerated Values:

STANDARD

Uses standard fluence-shaping

NON_STANDARD

Uses a non-standard fluence-shaping mode

>>Fluence Mode ID

(3002,0052)

1C

Identifier for the specific fluence-shaping mode.

Required if Fluence Mode (3002,0051) has value NON_STANDARD.

>X-Ray Tube Current

(0018,1151)

2C

Imaging device X-Ray Tube Current (mA). Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is SIMULATOR or RADIOGRAPH. May be present otherwise.

>X-Ray Tube Current in mA

(0018,9330)

3

X-Ray Tube Current in mA. An average in the case of fluoroscopy (continuous radiation mode).

>Exposure Time

(0018,1150)

2C

Time of X-Ray exposure (msec). Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is SIMULATOR or RADIOGRAPH. May be present otherwise.

See Section C.8.8.2.8.

>Exposure Time in ms

(0018,9328)

3

Duration of X-Ray exposure in msec.

See Section C.8.8.2.8.

>Meterset Exposure

(3002,0032)

2C

Treatment machine Meterset duration over which image has been acquired, specified in Monitor units (MU) or minutes as defined by Primary Dosimeter Unit (300A,00B3). Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is PORTAL.

See Section C.8.8.2.8.

>Diaphragm Position

(3002,0034)

3

Positions of diaphragm jaw pairs (in mm) in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate axis in the IEC order X1, X2, Y1, Y2.

>Beam Limiting Device Sequence

(300A,00B6)

3

Sequence of beam limiting device (collimator) jaw or leaf (element) positions for given exposure.

One or more Items are permitted in this Sequence.

>>RT Beam Limiting Device Type

(300A,00B8)

1

Type of beam limiting device (collimator).

Enumerated Values:

X

symmetric jaw pair in IEC X direction

Y

symmetric jaw pair in IEC Y direction

ASYMX

asymmetric jaw pair in IEC X direction

ASYMY

asymmetric pair in IEC Y direction

MLCX

multileaf (multi-element) jaw pair in IEC X direction

MLCY

multileaf (multi-element) jaw pair in IEC Y direction

>>Source to Beam Limiting Device Distance

(300A,00BA)

3

Radiation source to beam limiting device (collimator) distance (mm).

>>Number of Leaf/Jaw Pairs

(300A,00BC)

1

Number of leaf (element) or jaw pairs (equal to 1 for standard beam limiting device jaws).

>>Leaf Position Boundaries

(300A,00BE)

2C

Boundaries (in mm) of beam limiting device (collimator) leaves (elements) in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate axis appropriate to RT Beam Limiting Device Type (300A,00B8), i.e., X-axis for MLCY, Y-axis for MLCX. Contains N+1 values, where N is the Number of Leaf/Jaw Pairs (300A,00BC), starting from Leaf (Element) Pair 1. Required if RT Beam Limiting Device Type (300A,00B8) is MLCX or MLCY. May be present otherwise.

>>Leaf/Jaw Positions

(300A,011C)

1

Positions of beam limiting device (collimator) leaf or jaw (element) pairs (in mm) in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate axis appropriate to RT Beam Limiting Device Type (300A,00B8), e.g., X-axis for MLCX, Y-axis for MLCY). Contains 2N values, where N is the Number of Leaf/Jaw Pairs (300A,00BC), in IEC leaf (element) subscript order 101, 102, … 1N, 201, 202, … 2N.

>Gantry Angle

(300A,011E)

3

Treatment machine gantry angle, i.e., orientation of IEC GANTRY coordinate system with respect to IEC FIXED REFERENCE coordinate system (degrees).

>Gantry Pitch Angle

(300A,014A)

3

Gantry Pitch Angle. i.e., the rotation of the IEC GANTRY coordinate system about the X-axis of the IEC GANTRY coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.5.

>Beam Limiting Device Angle

(300A,0120)

3

Treatment machine beam limiting device (collimator) angle, i.e., orientation of IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system with respect to IEC GANTRY coordinate system (degrees).

>Patient Support Angle

(300A,0122)

3

Patient Support angle, i.e., orientation of IEC PATIENT SUPPORT coordinate system with respect to IEC FIXED REFERENCE coordinate system (degrees).

>Table Top Pitch Angle

(300A,0140)

3

Table Top Pitch Angle, i.e., the rotation of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system about the X-axis of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.2.

>Table Top Roll Angle

(300A,0144)

3

Table Top Roll Angle, i.e., the rotation of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system about the Y-axis of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.2.

>Table Top Vertical Position

(300A,0128)

3

Table Top Vertical position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

>Table Top Longitudinal Position

(300A,0129)

3

Table Top Longitudinal position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

>Table Top Lateral Position

(300A,012A)

3

Table Top Lateral position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

>Applicator Sequence

(300A,0107)

3

Sequence of Applicators associated with Beam.

Only a single item is permitted in this Sequence.

>>Applicator ID

(300A,0108)

1

User or machine supplied identifier for Applicator.

>>Accessory Code

(300A,00F9)

3

An identifier for the accessory intended to be read by a device such as a bar-code reader.

>>Applicator Type

(300A,0109)

1

Type of Applicator.

Defined Terms:

ELECTRON_SQUARE

square electron applicator

ELECTRON_RECT

rectangular electron applicator

ELECTRON_CIRC

circular electron applicator

ELECTRON_SHORT

short electron applicator

ELECTRON_OPEN

open (dummy) electron applicator

PHOTON_SQUARE

square photon applicator

PHOTON_RECT

rectangular photon applicator

PHOTON_CIRC

circular photon applicator

INTRAOPERATIVE

intraoperative (custom) applicator

STEREOTACTIC

stereotactic applicator (deprecated)

>>Applicator Geometry Sequence

(300A,0431)

3

Describes the applicator aperture geometry.

Only a single Item is permitted in this Sequence.

>>>Applicator Aperture Shape

(300A,0432)

1

Aperture shape of the applicator.

Defined Terms:

SYM_SQUARE

A square-shaped aperture symmetrical to the central axis.

SYM_RECTANGLE

A rectangular-shaped aperture symmetrical to the central axis.

SYM_CIRCULAR

A circular-shaped aperture symmetrical to the central axis.

>>>Applicator Opening

(300A,0433)

1C

Opening (in mm) of the applicator's aperture in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system. In case of square-shaped applicator contains the length of the sides of the square. In case of circular-shaped applicators, contains the diameter of the circular aperture.

Required if Applicator Aperture Shape (300A,0432) is SYM_SQUARE or SYM_CIRCULAR.

>>>Applicator Opening X

(300A,0434)

1C

Opening (in mm) of the applicator's aperture in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system in X-Direction.

Required if Applicator Aperture Shape (300A,0432) is SYM_RECTANGLE.

>>>Applicator Opening Y

(300A,0435)

1C

Opening (in mm) of the applicator's aperture in IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system in Y-Direction.

Required if Applicator Aperture Shape (300A,0432) is SYM_RECTANGLE.

>> Source to Applicator Mounting Position Distance

(300A,0436)

3

Radiation source to applicator mounting position distance (in mm) for current applicator.

>>Applicator Description

(300A,010A)

3

User-defined description for Applicator.

>General Accessory Sequence

(300A,0420)

3

Sequence of General Accessories associated with the beam producing this image.

One or more Items are permitted in this Sequence.

>>General Accessory Number

(300A,0424)

1

Identification Number of the General Accessory. The value shall be unique within the sequence.

>>General Accessory ID

(300A,0421)

1

User or machine supplied identifier for General Accessory.

>>General Accessory Description

(300A,0422)

3

User supplied description of General Accessory.

>>General Accessory Type

(300A,0423)

3

Specifies the type of accessory.

Defined Terms:

GRATICULE

Accessory tray with a radio-opaque grid

IMAGE_DETECTOR

Image acquisition device positioned in the beam line

RETICLE

Accessory tray with radio-transparent markers or grid

>>Accessory Code

(300A,00F9)

3

Machine-readable identifier for this accessory

>>Source to General Accessory Distance

(300A,0425)

3

Radiation source to general accessory distance (in mm) for current accessory.

>Number of Blocks

(300A,00F0)

1

Number of shielding blocks associated with Beam.

>Block Sequence

(300A,00F4)

2C

Sequence of blocks associated with Beam. Required if Number of Blocks (300A,00F0) is non-zero.

Zero or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

>>Block Tray ID

(300A,00F5)

3

User-supplied identifier for block tray.

>>Tray Accessory Code

(300A,0355)

3

An identifier for the Tray intended to be read by a device such as a bar-code reader.

>>Accessory Code

(300A,00F9)

3

An identifier for the Block intended to be read by a device such as a bar-code reader.

>>Source to Block Tray Distance

(300A,00F6)

2

Radiation Source to attachment edge of block tray assembly (mm).

>>Block Type

(300A,00F8)

1

Type of block.

Enumerated Values:

SHIELDING

blocking material is inside contour

APERTURE

blocking material is outside contour

>>Block Divergence

(300A,00FA)

2

Indicates presence or otherwise of geometrical divergence

Enumerated Values:

PRESENT

block edges are shaped for beam divergence

ABSENT

block edges are not shaped for beam divergence

>>Block Mounting Position

(300A,00FB)

3

Indicates on which side of the Block Tray the block is mounted.

Enumerated Values:

PATIENT_SIDE

the block is mounted on the side of the Block Tray that is towards the patient.

SOURCE_SIDE

the block is mounted on the side of the Block Tray that is towards the radiation source.

>>Block Number

(300A,00FC)

1

Identification Number of the Block. The value of Block Number (300A,00FC) shall be unique within the Beam in which it is created.

>>Block Name

(300A,00FE)

3

User-defined name for block.

>>Material ID

(300A,00E1)

2

User-supplied identifier for material used to manufacture Block.

>>Block Thickness

(300A,0100)

3

Physical thickness of block (in mm) parallel to radiation beam axis.

>>Block Number of Points

(300A,0104)

2

Number of (x,y) pairs defining the block edge.

>>Block Data

(300A,0106)

2

A data stream of (x,y) pairs that comprise the block edge. The number of pairs shall be equal to Block Number of Points (300A,0104), and the vertices shall be interpreted as a closed polygon. Coordinates are projected onto the machine isocentric plane in the IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system (mm).

Fluence Map Sequence

(3002,0040)

1C

A Sequence of data describing the fluence map attributes for a radiotherapy beam.

Only a single Item shall be included in this Sequence.

Required if the third value of Image Type (0008,0008) is FLUENCE.

>Fluence Data Source

(3002,0041)

1

Source of fluence data.

Enumerated Values:

CALCULATED

Calculated by a workstation

MEASURED

Measured by exposure to a film or detector.

>Fluence Data Scale

(3002,0042)

3

The Meterset corresponding with a fluence map cell value of 1.0 expressed in units specified by Primary Dosimeter Units (300A,00B3). This is the Meterset value used for treatment, not the Meterset used to expose the film as defined by Meterset Exposure (3002,0032).

Gantry Angle

(300A,011E)

3

Treatment machine gantry angle, i.e., orientation of IEC GANTRY coordinate system with respect to IEC FIXED REFERENCE coordinate system (degrees).

Gantry Pitch Angle

(300A,014A)

3

Gantry Pitch Angle. i.e., the rotation of the IEC GANTRY coordinate system about the X-axis of the IEC GANTRY coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.5.

Beam Limiting Device Angle

(300A,0120)

3

Treatment machine beam limiting device (collimator) angle, i.e., orientation of IEC BEAM LIMITING DEVICE coordinate system with respect to IEC GANTRY coordinate system (degrees).

Patient Support Angle

(300A,0122)

3

Patient Support angle, i.e., orientation of IEC PATIENT SUPPORT coordinate system with respect to IEC FIXED REFERENCE coordinate system (degrees).

Table Top Eccentric Axis Distance

(300A,0124)

3

Distance (positive) from the IEC PATIENT SUPPORT vertical axis to the IEC TABLE TOP ECCENTRIC vertical axis (mm).

Table Top Eccentric Angle

(300A,0125)

3

Table Top (non-isocentric) angle, i.e., orientation of IEC TABLE TOP ECCENTRIC coordinate system with respect to IEC PATIENT SUPPORT system (degrees).

Table Top Pitch Angle

(300A,0140)

3

Table Top Pitch Angle, i.e., the rotation of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system about the X-axis of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.2.

Table Top Roll Angle

(300A,0144)

3

Table Top Roll Angle, i.e., the rotation of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system about the Y-axis of the IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (degrees). See Section C.8.8.25.6.2.

Table Top Vertical Position

(300A,0128)

3

Table Top Vertical position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

Table Top Longitudinal Position

(300A,0129)

3

Table Top Longitudinal position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

Table Top Lateral Position

(300A,012A)

3

Table Top Lateral position in IEC TABLE TOP coordinate system (mm).

Isocenter Position

(300A,012C)

3

Isocenter coordinates (x,y,z), in mm. Specifies the location of the machine isocenter in the patient-based coordinate system associated with the Frame of Reference. It allows transformation from the equipment-based IEC coordinate system to the patient-based coordinate system.

Patient Position

(0018,5100)

1C

Patient position descriptor relative to the patient support device.

Required if Isocenter Position (300A,012C) is present. May be present otherwise.

See Section C.8.8.12.1.2 for Defined Terms and further explanation.

Note

The orientation of the patient relative to the patient support device is denoted in the same manner as in the RT Patient Setup Module. It defines the relation of the patient-based DICOM coordinate system identified by the Frame of Reference Module of the RT Image to the IEC coordinate system and together with Isocenter Position (300A,012C) allows the RT Image to be placed into the patient frame of reference. It also allows a system using an RT Image to verify that the patient is setup in a similar position relative to the patient support device.

Exposure Time

(0018,1150)

3

Time of X-Ray exposure (msec). Required if Value 3 of Image Type (0008,0008) is SIMULATOR or RADIOGRAPH. May be present otherwise.

See Section C.8.8.2.8.

Exposure Time in ms

(0018,9328)

3

Duration of X-Ray exposure in msec.

See Section C.8.8.2.8.

Meterset Exposure

(3002,0032)

3

Treatment machine Meterset duration over which image has been acquired, specified in Monitor units (MU) or minutes as defined by Primary Dosimeter Unit (300A,00B3).

See Section C.8.8.2.8.


Note

  1. The numeric beam data parameters recorded with the RT Image correspond to the parameters as they were known at the time the image was created or taken. The parameters may or may not correspond to an actual RT Plan instance that is created for a patient. If the Reported Values Origin (3002,000A) has an Enumerated Value of OPERATOR or ACTUAL and there is an RT Plan reference present, the numeric beam data parameters may or may not be the same in the two objects.

  2. The Z coordinate of the X-Ray Image Receptor Translation (3002,000D) will be equal to the Radiation Machine SAD (3002,0022) minus the RT Image SID (3002,0026). If the image receptor is further from the beam source than the machine isocenter, the Z coordinate will be negative (see IEC 61217).

C.8.8.2.1 Multi-frame Image Data

In either multiple exposure multi-frame images or cine images, only the attributes inside Exposure Sequence (3002,0030) shall differ between frames. For example, attributes such as beam limiting device (collimator) leaf (element) positions and block information may change, whereas attributes such as gantry and beam limiting device (collimator) angle shall not change.

DICOM PS3.3 2017d - Information Object Definitions