DICOM PS3.3 2019d - Information Object Definitions

C.8.16.2 Common CT/MR Image Description Macro

This section describes the Common CT/MR Image Description Macro.

Table C.8-131 specifies the Attributes of the Common CT/MR Image Description Macro.

Table C.8-131. Common CT/MR Image Description Macro Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Pixel Presentation

(0008,9205)

1

Indication of the presence or absence of color information that may be used during rendering. See Section C.8.16.2.1.1 for a description and Enumerated Values.

Volumetric Properties

(0008,9206)

1

Indication if geometric manipulations are possible with frames in the SOP Instance. See Section C.8.16.2.1.2 for a description and Enumerated Values.

Volume Based Calculation Technique

(0008,9207)

1

Method used for volume calculations with frames in the SOP Instance. See Section C.8.16.2.1.3 for a description and Defined Terms.


C.8.16.2.1 Common CT/MR Image Description Attribute Description
C.8.16.2.1.1 Pixel Presentation

Table C.8-132. Pixel Presentation Attribute Values

Enumerated Value Name

Enumerated Value Description

COLOR

Image is best displayed in color using Supplemental Palette Color LUTs, but can be displayed in grayscale if current display does not support color. See Section C.8.16.2.1.1.1.

MONOCHROME

Image is intended to be displayed in grayscale only. No Supplemental Palette Color LUTs are supplied.

MIXED

Used only as a value in Pixel Presentation (0008,9205) in the Enhanced MR Image Module or Enhanced CT Image Module if frames within the image SOP Instance contain different values for the Pixel Presentation Attribute in the MR Image Frame Type Functional Group or CT Image Frame Type Functional Group.

TRUE_COLOR

Image can be displayed in color only


C.8.16.2.1.1.1 Supplemental Palette Color LUTs

Figure C.8-20 presents two separate image visualization pipelines that can be used for interpreting the stored pixel values.

If Pixel Presentation (0008,9205) equals COLOR, the stored values are split into two ranges. The stored values up to one less than the second value of the Red, Green and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101-1103) are passed through the gray scale visualization pipeline. The values equal to or greater than the second value of the Red, Green and Blue Palette Color Lookup Table Descriptor (0028,1101-1103) are mapped by the Palette Color LUTs.

Note

  1. Some images may be purely color, and there will be no grayscale range of stored pixel values "below" those that are passed through the color lookup tables.

  2. Images containing Supplemental Palette Color LUTs cannot be irreversibly (lossy) compressed, since that would potentially change the index values and result in different colors being rendered.

The complete range of stored pixel values can also be displayed via the grayscale visualization pipeline only, but the information content may be less useful because the color information is not available.

MONOCHROME2 Photometric Interpretation with Supplemental Palette Color Mapping

Figure C.8-20. MONOCHROME2 Photometric Interpretation with Supplemental Palette Color Mapping


C.8.16.2.1.2 Volumetric Properties

The value of Volumetric Properties (0008,9206) allows applications doing geometric manipulations (e.g., MAX_IP or MPR or planning) to determine if the image is an appropriate candidate for an operation without having to know all the details of the generating application.

Table C.8-133 specifies the Enumerated Values for Volumetric Properties (0008,9206).

Table C.8-133. Volumetric Properties Attribute Values

Enumerated Value Name

Enumerated Value Description

VOLUME

Image contains pixels that represent the volume specified for the image (Examples: Volume Based Calculation Technique (0008,9207) is NONE or MPR).

SAMPLED

The specified frame or each frame within the image will not contain a representation of the average information in the slice direction because the frame was calculated by the non-linear re-sampling of a volume where each pixels of the resulting frame does not contain an average representation of the voxel represented by the frame's pixel.

For example a projection (MAX_IP) frame uses the maximum value along a ray for each pixel rather than the average value of the represented voxel.

DISTORTED

Image contains significantly distorted information from what is specified by the image volume Attributes. For example this image should not be used in planning or for 3D volume. An example of this image type is a curved reformatted image (CURVED_MPR).

MIXED

Used only as a value in Volumetric Properties (0008,9206) in the Enhanced MR Image Module Attribute Description or Enhanced CT Image Module if frames within the image SOP Instance contain different values for Volumetric Properties (0008,9206) in the MR Image Frame Type Functional Group or CT Frame Type Functional Group.


Note

A value of MIXED may be necessary if creating a Legacy Converted Enhanced image and insufficient information is present to specify a more specific value.

C.8.16.2.1.3 Volume Based Calculation Technique Attribute

The value of Volume Based Calculation Technique (0008,9207) shall be used to indicate the method used for calculating pixels based on geometry.

Shall have a value of NONE when Value 1 of Image Type (0008,0008) or Value 1 of Frame Type (0008,9007) is ORIGINAL.

Table C.8-134 specifies the Defined Terms for the Volume Based Calculation Technique (0008,9207) Attribute.

Table C.8-134. Volume Based Calculation Technique Attribute Values

Defined Term Name

Defined Term Description

MAX_IP

Maximum Intensity Projection

MIN_IP

Minimum Intensity Projection

VOLUME_RENDER

Volume Rendering Projection

Volume Rendering Image represents 3D voluminar information constructed from measured voxel intensities covering a 3D volume.

SURFACE_RENDER

Surface Rendering Projection

Surface Rendering Image represents 3D surface information constructed from measured voxel intensities covering a 3D volume.

MPR

Multi-Planar Reformat

CURVED_MPR

Curved Multi-Planar Reformat

NONE

Pixels not derived geometrically

MIXED

Used only as a value in Volume Based Calculation Technique (0008,9207) Attribute in the Enhanced MR Image Module or MR Spectroscopy Module if frames within the image SOP Instance contain different terms for the Volume Based Calculation Technique Attribute in MR Frame Type Functional Group or MR Spectroscopy Frame Type Functional Group.


Note

A value of MIXED may be necessary if creating a Legacy Converted Enhanced image and insufficient information is present to specify a more specific value.

DICOM PS3.3 2019d - Information Object Definitions