DICOM PS3.3 2017c - Information Object Definitions

C.7 Common Composite Image IOD Modules

This Section defines the Modules that are common to all Composite Image IODs.

C.7.1 Common Patient IE Modules

The following Patient IE Module is common to all Composite Image IODs that reference the Patient IE.

C.7.1.1 Patient Module

Table C.7-1 specifies the Attributes of the Patient that describe and identify the Patient who is the subject of a Study. This Module contains Attributes of the patient that are needed for interpretation of the Composite Instances and are common for all studies performed on the patient. It contains Attributes that are also included in the Patient Modules in Section C.2.

Table C.7-1. Patient Module Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Patient's Name

(0010,0010)

2

Patient's full name.

Patient ID

(0010,0020)

2

Primary identifier for the patient.

Note

In the case of imaging a group of small animals simultaneously, the single value of this identifier corresponds to the identification of the entire group. See also Section C.7.1.4.1.1.

Include Table 10-18 “Issuer of Patient ID Macro Attributes”

Patient's Birth Date

(0010,0030)

2

Birth date of the patient.

Patient's Birth Date in Alternative Calendar

(0010,0033)

3

Date of birth of the named patient in the Alternative Calendar (0010,0035).

Note

No format is specified for alternative calendar dates so none should be assumed.

Patient's Death Date in Alternative Calendar

(0010,0034)

3

Date of death of the named patient in the Alternative Calendar (0010,0035).

Note

No format is specified for alternative calendar dates so none should be assumed.

Patient's Alternative Calendar

(0010,0035)

1C

The Alternative Calendar used for Patient's Birth Date in Alternative Calendar (0010,0033) and Patient's Death Date in Alternative Calendar (0010,0034).

See Section C.7.1.5 for Defined Terms.

Required if either Patient's Birth Date in Alternative Calendar (0010,0033) or Patient's Alternative Death Date in Calendar (0010,0034) is present.

Patient's Sex

(0010,0040)

2

Sex of the named patient.

Enumerated Values:

M

male

F

female

O

other

Referenced Patient Photo Sequence

(0010,1100)

3

A photo to confirm the identity of a patient.

Only a single Item is permitted in this Sequence.

See C.2.2.1.1.

>Include Table 10-3b “Referenced Instances and Access Macro Attributes”

Quality Control Subject

(0010,0200)

3

Indicates whether or not the subject is a quality control phantom.

Enumerated Values:

YES

NO

If this Attribute is absent, then the subject may or may not be a phantom.

This attribute describes a characteristic of the Imaging Subject. It is distinct from Quality Control Image (0028,0300) in the General Image Module, which is used to describe an image acquired.

Referenced Patient Sequence

(0008,1120)

3

A sequence that provides reference to a Patient SOP Class/Instance pair.

Only a single Item is permitted in this Sequence.

>Include Table 10-11 “SOP Instance Reference Macro Attributes”

Patient's Birth Time

(0010,0032)

3

Birth time of the Patient.

Other Patient IDs Sequence

(0010,1002)

3

A sequence of identification numbers or codes used to identify the patient, which may or may not be human readable, and may or may not have been obtained from an implanted or attached device such as an RFID or barcode.

One or more Items are permitted in this Sequence.

Note

This Attribute replaces the use of Other Patient IDs (0010,1000), which did not specify an issuer for each other identifier, and which has been retired.

>Patient ID

(0010,0020)

1

An identifier for the patient.

Note

In the case of imaging a group of small animals simultaneously, the single value of this identifier corresponds to the identification of the entire group. See also Section C.7.1.4.1.1.

>Include Table 10-18 “Issuer of Patient ID Macro Attributes”

>Type of Patient ID

(0010,0022)

1

The type of identifier in this item.

Defined Terms:

TEXT

RFID

BARCODE

Note

The identifier is coded as a string regardless of the type, not as a binary value.

Other Patient Names

(0010,1001)

3

Other names used to identify the patient.

Ethnic Group

(0010,2160)

3

Ethnic group or race of the patient.

Patient Comments

(0010,4000)

3

User-defined additional information about the patient.

Patient Species Description

(0010,2201)

1C

The taxonomic rank value (e.g., genus, subgenus, species or subspecies) of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.3.

Required if the patient is an animal and if Patient Species Code Sequence (0010,2202) is not present. May be present otherwise.

Patient Species Code Sequence

(0010,2202)

1C

The taxonomic rank value (e.g., genus, subgenus, species or subspecies) of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.3.

Only a single Item shall be included in this Sequence.

Required if the patient is an animal and if Patient Species Description (0010,2201) is not present. May be present otherwise.

>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

Defined CID 7454 “Animal Taxonomic Rank Values”.

Patient Breed Description

(0010,2292)

2C

The breed of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.1.

Required if the patient is an animal and if Patient Breed Code Sequence (0010,2293) is empty. May be present otherwise.

Patient Breed Code Sequence

(0010,2293)

2C

The breed of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.1.

Zero or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

Required if the patient is an animal.

>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

Defined CID 7480 “Breed”.

Breed Registration Sequence

(0010,2294)

2C

Information identifying an animal within a breed registry.

Zero or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

Required if the patient is an animal.

>Breed Registration Number

(0010,2295)

1

Identification number of an animal within the registry.

>Breed Registry Code Sequence

(0010,2296)

1

Identification of the organization with which an animal is registered.

Only a single Item shall be included in this Sequence.

>>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

Defined CID 7481 “Breed Registry”.

Strain Description

(0010,0212)

3

The strain of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

Strain Nomenclature

(0010,0213)

3

The nomenclature used for Strain Description (0010,0212). See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

Strain Code Sequence

(0010,0219)

3

A coded identification of the strain of the patient. See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

One or more Items are permitted in this sequence. If more than one item is present, each item represents the same information but encoded using a different coding scheme (rather than post-coordinated modifiers).

>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

No Baseline CID.

Strain Additional Information

(0010,0218)

3

Additional information about the strain of the patient that is not encoded in the formal nomenclature used in Strain Description (0010,0212). See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

Strain Stock Sequence

(0010,0216)

3

Information identifying an animal within a strain stock.

Only a single Item is permitted in this sequence.

>Strain Stock Number

(0010,0214)

1

The stock number of the strain of the patient issued by the organization identified by Strain Source (0010,0217). See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

>Strain Source

(0010,0217)

1

Identification of the organization that is the source of the animal, issued by the registry identified by Strain Source Registry Code Sequence (0010,0215). See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

>Strain Source Registry Code Sequence

(0010,0215)

1

Identification of the organization that is the registry of sources of animals. See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

Only a single Item is permitted in this sequence.

>>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

Defined CID 7490 “Research Animal Source Registries”.

Genetic Modifications Sequence

(0010,0221)

3

The genetic modifications of the patient.

One or more Items are permitted in this Sequence.

See Section C.7.1.1.1.4.

>Genetic Modifications Description

(0010,0222)

1

The genetic modifications of the patient described using a specific nomenclature.

>Genetic Modifications Nomenclature

(0010,0223)

1

The nomenclature used for Genetic Modifications Description (0010,0222).

>Genetic Modifications Code Sequence

(0010,0229)

3

A coded identification of the genetic modifications of the patient.

One or more Items are permitted in this sequence. If more than one item is present, each item represents the same information but encoded using a different coding scheme (rather than post-coordinated modifiers).

>>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

No Baseline CID.

Responsible Person

(0010,2297)

2C

Name of person with medical or welfare decision making authority for the patient.

Required if the patient is an animal. May be present otherwise.

Responsible Person Role

(0010,2298)

1C

Relationship of Responsible Person to the patient.

See Section C.7.1.1.1.2 for Defined Terms.

Required if Responsible Person is present and has a value.

Responsible Organization

(0010,2299)

2C

Name of organization with medical or welfare decision making authority for the patient.

Required if patient is an animal. May be present otherwise.

Patient Identity Removed

(0012,0062)

3

The true identity of the patient has been removed from the Attributes and the Pixel Data

Enumerated Values:

YES

NO

De-identification Method

(0012,0063)

1C

A description or label of the mechanism or method use to remove the patient's identity. May be multi-valued if successive de-identification steps have been performed.

Note

  1. This may be used to describe the extent or thoroughness of the de-identification, for example whether or not the de-identification is for a "Limited Data Set" (as per HIPAA Privacy Rule).

  2. The characteristics of the de-identifying equipment and/or the responsible operator of that equipment may be recorded as an additional item of the Contributing Equipment Sequence (0018,A001) in the SOP Common Module. De-identifying equipment may use a Purpose of Reference of (109104, DCM, "De-identifying Equipment").

Required if Patient Identity Removed (0012,0062) is present and has a value of YES and De-identification Method Code Sequence (0012,0064) is not present. May be present otherwise.

De-identification Method Code Sequence

(0012,0064)

1C

A code describing the mechanism or method use to remove the patient's identity.

One or more Items shall be included in this Sequence. Multiple items are used if successive de-identification steps have been performed or to describe options of a defined profile.

Required if Patient Identity Removed (0012,0062) is present and has a value of YES and De-identification Method (0012,0063) is not present. May be present otherwise.

>Include Table 8.8-1 “Code Sequence Macro Attributes”

Defined CID 7050 “De-identification Method”.

Include Table C.7.1.4-1 “Patient Group Macro Attributes”


Note

Previously, Other Patient IDs (0010,1000) was included in this table. This Attribute have been retired. See PS3.3 2017a.

C.7.1.1.1 Patient Module Attributes
C.7.1.1.1.1 Patient Breed Description and Code Sequence

The breed of an animal, if known, shall be encoded in either Patient Breed Description (0010,2292) or Patient Breed Code Sequence (0010,2293) or both.

In the case of a mixed breed, it shall be either:

  1. described in plain text in Patient Breed Description (0010,2292), e.g., "Border Collie American Bulldog mix", or just "Mixed", or

  2. coded as multiple specific breeds by composing the mix as multiple items of Patient Breed Code Sequence (0010,2293), e.g., (L-809A2, SRT, "Border Collie dog breed") followed by (L-80974, SRT, "American Bulldog breed"), or

  3. encoded non-specifically with a code that means "mixed breed" of the appropriate species, as defined in CID 7486 “Mixed Breeds”, which is included in CID 7480 “Breed”, e.g., (L-809DF, SRT, "Mixed breed dog").

Note

The absence of a value for both Patient Breed Description (0010,2292) and Patient Breed Code Sequence (0010,2293) implies that the breed is unknown, not that it is mixed.

C.7.1.1.1.2 Responsible Person Role

Defined Terms:

OWNER

PARENT

CHILD

SPOUSE

SIBLING

RELATIVE

GUARDIAN

CUSTODIAN

AGENT

INVESTIGATOR

VETERINARIAN

C.7.1.1.1.3 Patient Species (Taxonomic Rank Value)

If the species is not known then the Patient Species Description (0010,2201) or Patient Species Code Sequence (0010,2202) may describe a more general taxonomic rank value, such as a genus or subgenus, family or subfamily.

Note

E.g., "Mus" rather than "Mus musculus".

If the subspecies is known then the Patient Species Description (0010,2201) or Patient Species Code Sequence (0010,2202) may describe the subspecies.

Note

E.g., "Canis lupus familiaris" rather than "Canis lupus".

C.7.1.1.1.4 Patient Strain and Genetic Modifications

The strain of an animal (group of animals that is genetically uniform), if known, may be encoded in Strain Description (0010,0212). The nomenclature used may be encoded in Strain Nomenclature (0010,0213). A precoordinated code identifying the strain may be encoded in Strain Code Sequence (0010,0219).

Defined Terms for Strain Nomenclature (0010,0213) and Genetic Modifications Nomenclature (0010,0223):

MGI_2013

International Committee on Standardized Genetic Nomenclature for Mice, Rat Genome and Nomenclature Committee. MGI-Guidelines for Nomenclature of Mouse and Rat Strains. 2013/10. Available from: http://www.informatics.jax.org/mgihome/nomen/strains.shtml

Note

  • A pair of text and nomenclature Attributes are used, since standard nomenclatures typically define values that are constructed from multiple components, and do not distinguish between value and meaning. These are distinct from the precoordinated codes used in Stain Code Sequence (0010,0219).

  • Some strain and genetic modification nomenclatures make use of superscripts. To encode these superscripts consistently in an unformatted string, the convention of enclosing the superscript text in "<" and ">" pairs may be used. E.g., "D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J" would be encoded as "D2.B6-Ahr<b-1>/J".

  • Relevant information that is not encoded in the formal description of the strain (i.e., not defined in the nomenclature used), such as the number of transgenes, may be encoded as plain text in Strain Additional Information (0010,0218).

The strain of an animal may be more specifically identified by the Attributes within Strain Stock Sequence (0010,0216).

Note

  • The MGI-Guidelines for Nomenclature of Mouse and Rat Strains recommends the use of the laboratory codes assigned by the Institute of Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR). See the International Laboratory Code Registry (ILCR) http://dels.nas.edu/global/ilar/lab-codes.

  • Because allele names are closely tied to gene names/symbols it is necessary to have a unique and permanent code for any allele that is part of a genotype of interest. For mice, MGI is the authoritative source of the nomenclature for genes and alleles and maintains unique, permanent codes for these entities. The MGI provides a report of all precoordinated MGI codes that are assigned to specific strains at ftp://ftp.informatics.jax.org/pub/reports/MGI_Strain.rpt. These may be used in Strain Code Sequence (0010,0219) and Genetic Modifications Code Sequence (0010,0229) with a coding scheme of "MGI".

  • Another source of pre-coordinated codes for strains is the NCI Thesaurus, which includes a snapshot of strains from the International Mouse Strain Resource (IMSR), as children of (C14421, NCIt, "Inbred Mouse Strains"). See http://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/pages/concept_details.jsf?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C14421.

  • For example, a C57BL/6J mouse strain from The Jackson Laboratory might be identified as:

    • Strain Description (0010,0212) = "C57BL/6J"

    • Strain Nomenclature (0010,0213) = "MGI_2013"

    • Strain Code Sequence (0010,0219)

    • >Code Value = "3028467"

    • >Coding Scheme Designator = "MGI"

    • >Code Meaning = "C57BL/6J"

    • Strain Stock Sequence (0010,0216)

    • >Strain Stock Number (0010,0214) = "000664"

    • >Strain Source (0010,0217) = "Jrep"

    • >Strain Source Registry Code Sequence (0010,0215) = (126850, DCM, "ILCR")

  • For example, a FVB/N mouse with a Tg(MMTV-Erbb2*)NDL2-5Mul transgene might be identified as:

    • Strain Description (0010,0212) = "FVB/N-Tg(MMTV-Erbb2*)NDL2-5Mul"

    • Strain Nomenclature (0010,0213) = "MGI_2013"

    • Genetic Modifications Sequence (0010,0221)

    • >Genetic Modifications Description (0010,0222) = "Tg(MMTV-Erbb2*)NDL2-5Mul"

    • >Genetic Modifications Nomenclature (0010,0223) = "MGI_2013"

    • >Genetic Modifications Code Sequence (0010,0229)

    • >>Code Value = "3793949"

    • >>Coding Scheme Designator = "MGI"

    • >>Code Meaning = "Tg(MMTV-Erbb2*)NDL2-5Mul"

    In this example, a precoordinated code for the genetic modification is defined in MGI, but not for the mouse strain.

C.7.1.2 Specimen Identification Module

Retired. See PS3.3-2008.

Note

The functionality of the Specimen Identification Module has been replaced by the Specimen Module. See Section C.7.6.22.

C.7.1.3 Clinical Trial Subject Module

Table C.7-2b contains attributes that identify a Patient as a clinical trial or research Subject.

Table C.7-2b. Clinical Trial Subject Module Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Clinical Trial Sponsor Name

(0012,0010)

1

The name of the clinical trial or research sponsor. See Section C.7.1.3.1.1.

Clinical Trial Protocol ID

(0012,0020)

1

Identifier for the noted protocol. See Section C.7.1.3.1.2.

Clinical Trial Protocol Name

(0012,0021)

2

The name of the clinical trial or research protocol. See Section C.7.1.3.1.3.

Clinical Trial Site ID

(0012,0030)

2

The identifier of the site responsible for submitting clinical trial or research data. See Section C.7.1.3.1.4.

Clinical Trial Site Name

(0012,0031)

2

Name of the site responsible for submitting clinical trial or research data. See Section C.7.1.3.1.5

Clinical Trial Subject ID

(0012,0040)

1C

The assigned identifier for the clinical trial or research subject. See Section C.7.1.3.1.6. Shall be present if Clinical Trial Subject Reading ID (0012,0042) is absent. May be present otherwise.

Clinical Trial Subject Reading ID

(0012,0042)

1C

Identifies the subject for blinded evaluations. Shall be present if Clinical Trial Subject ID (0012,0040) is absent. May be present otherwise. See Section C.7.1.3.1.7.

Clinical Trial Protocol Ethics Committee Name

(0012,0081)

1C

Name of the Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) responsible for approval of the Clinical Trial or research. Required if Clinical Trial Protocol Ethics Committee Approval Number (0012,0082) is present.

Clinical Trial Protocol Ethics Committee Approval Number

(0012,0082)

3

Approval number issued by committee described in Clinical Trial Protocol Ethics Committee Name (0012,0081).


C.7.1.3.1 Clinical Trial Subject Attribute Descriptions

Identification of subjects in clinical trials or research generally requires a combination of the following four attributes:

  1. Clinical Trial Sponsor Name (0012,0010),

  2. Clinical Trial Protocol ID (0012,0020),

  3. Clinical Trial Subject ID (0012,0040) (or Clinical Trial Subject Reading ID (0012,0042) for blinded evaluations), and

  4. Clinical Trial Site ID (0012,0030).

For trials in which subject identifiers are unique within the scope of the Clinical Trial Protocol (e.g., if subject identifiers are centrally assigned or contain the site identifier) the Clinical Trial Site ID (0012,0030) is not required to identify subjects.

C.7.1.3.1.1 Clinical Trial Sponsor Name

The Clinical Trial Sponsor Name (0012,0010) identifies the entity responsible for conducting the clinical trial or research and for defining the Clinical Trial Protocol ID (0012,0020).

C.7.1.3.1.2 Clinical Trial Protocol ID

The Clinical Trial Protocol ID (0012,0020) is the number or character sequence used by the Clinical Trial Sponsor to uniquely identify the investigational protocol in which the subject has been enrolled.

C.7.1.3.1.3 Clinical Trial Protocol Name

The Clinical Trial Protocol Name (0012,0021) contains the title of the investigational protocol in which the subject has been enrolled.

Note

It is recommended that the phase of the clinical trial or research be noted in the Clinical Trial Protocol Name, if applicable.

C.7.1.3.1.4 Clinical Trial Site ID

The Clinical Trial Site ID (0012,0030) is the identification number or character string (issued by the entity identified by the Clinical Trial Sponsor Name (0012,0010)) used to identify the site responsible for submitting clinical trial or research data.

C.7.1.3.1.5 Clinical Trial Site Name

The Clinical Trial Site Name (0012,0031) is a character string used to identify the site responsible for submitting clinical trial or research data.

C.7.1.3.1.6 Clinical Trial Subject ID

The Clinical Trial Subject ID (0012,0040) identifies the subject within the investigational protocol specified by Clinical Trial Protocol ID (0012,0020).

Note

The Clinical Trial Subject ID (0012,0040) may, but is not required to be, the same as Patient ID (0010,0020).

C.7.1.3.1.7 Clinical Trial Subject Reading ID

The Clinical Trial Subject Reading ID (0012,0042) identifies the subject in the context of blinded evaluations.

C.7.1.4 Patient Group Macro

Table C.7.1.4-1 specifies the Attributes of the Patient Group Macro that describe multiple imaging subjects (such as small animals for pre-clinical research) imaged at the same time as a group. This macro may be included in the Section C.2.2 Patient Identification Module and the Section C.7.1.1 Patient Module.

Table C.7.1.4-1. Patient Group Macro Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Source Patient Group Identification Sequence

(0010,0026)

3

A sequence containing the value used for Patient ID (0010,0020) and related Attributes in the source composite instances that contained a group of subjects whose data was acquired at the same time, from which this composite instance was extracted. See Section C.7.1.4.1.1.

Only a single Item is permitted in this sequence.

>Patient ID

(0010,0020)

1

Primary identifier for the group of subjects.

>Include Table 10-18 “Issuer of Patient ID Macro Attributes”

Group of Patients Identification Sequence

(0010,0027)

3

A sequence containing the identifiers and locations of the individual subjects whose data was acquired at the same time (as a group) and encoded in this composite instance. See Section C.7.1.4.1.1.

One or more Items are permitted in this sequence.

>Patient ID

(0010,0020)

1

Primary identifier for an individual subject.

>Include Table 10-18 “Issuer of Patient ID Macro Attributes”

>Subject Relative Position in Image

(0010,0028)

3

The position in the image pixel data of the individual subject identified in this sequence relative to the other subjects. See Section C.7.1.4.1.1.1.

>Patient Position

(0018,5100)

3

Patient position descriptor relative to the equipment. See Section C.7.1.4.1.1.1.

See Section C.7.3.1.1.2 for Defined Terms and further explanation.


C.7.1.4.1 Patient Group Macro Attributes
C.7.1.4.1.1 Groups of Subjects

It is common to image multiple small animals for pre-clinical research as a group at the same time.

In such cases, the single value of Patient ID (0010,0020) corresponds to the identification of the entire group. The same applies to related attributes, if present, such as Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021). Other Attributes of the Patient Module that are present shall be those shared by the entire group of animals, otherwise they shall be absent or empty (e.g., Patient's Sex (0010,0040)). Any acquisition-related Attributes that are patient-specific (e.g., injected contrast or radiopharmaceutical dose) shall also be absent or empty (and the information may be communicated in separate acquisition context instances).

The Group of Patients Identification Sequence (0010,0027) provides a means of describing the identifiers and locations of the individual subjects, if known at the time of acquisition, regardless of whether or not the group images are later segmented into individual images.

It is also common to segment the acquired images of the group of animals and extract the image pixel data for each animal into separate images.

The Source Patient Group Identification Sequence (0010,0026) provides a "backward reference" within the segmented (individual subject) images to the Patient ID (0010,0020) used to identify the whole group.

Note

  1. Individual derived SOP Instances may reference the source image explicitly by its SOP Instance UID. Additional objects, such as Segmentations, may be created to encode the regions segmented for individual animals, and referenced from the derived images. See also Annex VVV “Segmentation of Images of Groups of Animals (Informative)” in PS3.17.

  2. For example, an image of a group of 6 mice in a 3 column, 2 row single longitudinal plane array might be described as:

    • Patient ID (0010,0020) = "Inv234_Exp_56_Group78"

    • Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) = "MyMouseLab"

    • Group of Patients Identification Sequence (0010,0027)

    • >Patient ID (0010,0020) = "Inv234_Exp_56_Group78_Mouse01"

    • >Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) = "MyMouseLab"

    • >Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) = 1\1\1

    • ...

    • >Patient ID (0010,0020) = "Inv234_Exp_56_Group78_Mouse06"

    • >Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) = "MyMouseLab"

    • >Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) = 3\2\1

    In this example, the optional Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) is shown to emphasize that if it is needed, it should be repeated; i.e., there is no "inheritance" of the issuer from the data set enclosing the sequence.

    The naming of the group and the individual animals in the identifier is purely illustrative; it is not meant to imply preference for one local convention or another, or for using a discrete identifier for the group as opposed to, say, a concatenated list of individual animal identifiers used as the group identifier.

    See Figure C.7.1.4-1.

  3. For example, segmented images of an individual animal derived from the group image might be described as:

    • Patient ID (0010,0020) = "Inv234_Exp_56_Group78_Mouse04"

    • Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) = "MyMouseLab"

    • Source Patient Group Identification Sequence (0010,0026)

    • >Patient ID (0010,0020) = "Inv234_Exp_56_Group78"

    • >Issuer of Patient ID (0010,0021) = "MyMouseLab"

C.7.1.4.1.1.1 Subject Relative Position in Image and Patient Position

Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) shall be encoded as a 3D ordinal position in machine-relative orthogonal dimensions, such that when facing the front of the machine (gantry):

  • the first value starts at one for the left most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successive subject holder towards the right,

  • the second value starts at one for the top most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successively lower subject holder,

  • the third value starts at one for the outer most subject holder and monotonically increases by one for each successive subject holder inwards (i.e., increasing values from the front to the back of the gantry along the direction orthogonal to the first two dimensions, usually the long axis of the table).

Note

  • The order and sign of the machine-relative directions is consistent with the Axis Definition in ACR-NEMA 300 1985.

  • Image-relative positions are not used, since there may be multiple acquisitions in different orientations. The machine-relative positions are applicable regardless of whether acquired images are cross-sections or projections.

  • Patient-relative positions are not used, since the animals may not be arranged in the same direction (e.g., a pair of animals may be arranged head-to-head).

  • There is no requirement that there be the same number of animals in each dimension. E.g., one in the top "row"and two below, in one longitudinal plane, would be represented as 1\1\1, 1\2\1, 2\1\1.

  • The goal is to describe only the relative locations of animals in any form of multiple animal holder ("mouse hotel"), without attempting to specify the exact physical dimensions or absolute locations, regardless of whether the holder is regular or symmetric in any particular dimension or not (e.g., to include "revolver-like" and hexagonal arrangements). Nor is the "distance" between each animal described.

  • The position is defined in terms of subject holders rather than subjects, since some holders may be empty or unused but still partially or completely visible in some of the images. In such cases the relative positions need to be consistently encoded by the acquisition device and recognized by automated segmentation algorithms. E.g., if the top row of in a two row holder is unoccupied, then the animals in the bottom row will be identified with a row position of 2, not 1.

  • Due to field of view and anatomical region of interest considerations, adjacent animals may sometimes be partially overlapped (e.g., Cheng TE et al. A rat head holder for simultaneous scanning of two rats in small animal PET scanners: Design, construction, feasibility testing and kinetic validation. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2009 Jan 15;176(1):24–33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2008.08.031 and Xu S et al. In vivo multiple-mouse imaging at 1.5 T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 2003;49(3):551–7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.10397); such cases may be described as a either a single plane or two planes of animals, as long as there is sufficient information to identify which animal is which.

    See Figure C.7.1.4-3.

  • The description of the physical relative locations of the animals does not account for any spatial distortion that may occur in the images due to the acquisition technique used (e.g., aliasing in MRI).

Patient Position (0018,5100) may be used to describe the machine-relative position of each animal when the animals are not all arranged in the same direction.

Note

  • Patient Position (0018,5100) is used rather than Patient Orientation Code Sequence (0054,0410) because Patient Position (0018,5100) is present in the IODs for those modalities most commonly used for small animal imaging in preclinical research.

  • For example, a pair of prone animals arranged head-to-head longitudinally along the bore of the machine would be described as:

    • Subject Relative Position in Image = 1\1\1 and Patient Position = HFP

      Subject Relative Position in Image = 1\1\2 and Patient Position = FFP

    See Figure C.7.1.4-2.

The presence of Subject Relative Position in Image (0010,0028) and Patient Position (0018,5100) within Group of Patients Identification Sequence (0010,0027) within the Patient Module implies that the relative locations and orientations of multiple animals within a group cannot change over time. I.e., a "group", identified by a particular Patient ID (0010,0020) (the unique key of the Patient entity in the Information Model), is defined not only by the animals that comprise it but also their relative locations and positioning. If the same animals are imaged together but in a different arrangement, a different Patient ID (0010,0020) for the group shall be used.

Example of Subject Relative Position in Image for group of 6 mice in a 3 column, 2 row single longitudinal plane array, all feet first prone

Figure C.7.1.4-1. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image for group of 6 mice in a 3 column, 2 row single longitudinal plane array, all feet first prone


Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and differing Patient Position for group of 2 mice head-to-head

Figure C.7.1.4-2. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and differing Patient Position for group of 2 mice head-to-head


Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and overlapping narrow field of view group of 2 mice head-to-head

Figure C.7.1.4-3. Example of Subject Relative Position in Image and overlapping narrow field of view group of 2 mice head-to-head


C.7.1.5 Patient's Alternative Calendar

Enumerated Values:

PROLEPTIC GREGN

JULIAN

PROLEPTIC JULIAN

EGYPTIAN REGNAL

HEBREW

HIJRI

DICOM PS3.3 2017c - Information Object Definitions