DICOM PS3.3 2020d - Information Object Definitions

C.36.11 RT Dose Contribution Module

The RT Dose Contribution Module contains information about the contribution of dose of the RT Radiations referenced by this RT Radiation Set IOD. Dose contributions refer to the RT Radiations delivering the dose and to anatomical structures receiving the dose.

Note that an anatomical structure (as defined by the Conceptual Volume Macro) can either be a textually tagged definition, or a reference to a Conceptual Volume defined in the RT Segment Annotation IOD. In all cases, Conceptual Volumes are identified by a UID which allows accumulation of dose to a given Conceptual Volume across RT Radiation Sets and comparison with prescribed Dosimetric Objectives.

Dose contributions are defined using Meterset values. The definition points in the Meterset to Dose Mapping Sequence may or may not align with the Meterset values at the Control Points of the RT Radiation SOP Instance. For example, where a dose deposition between Control Points cannot be determined individually per segment or where this definition is not useful, the lookup table may just contain the Meterset of first and last Control Points. The Meterset and dose contribution of the first Control Point are always zero. For further details see Section C.36.11.1.1.

Table C.36.11-1. RT Dose Contribution Module Attributes

Attribute Name

Tag

Type

Attribute Description

Radiation Dose Identification Sequence

(300A,0618)

1

Identifies the dose values that are delivered by this RT Radiation Set SOP Instance.

One or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

>Radiation Dose Identification Index

(300A,0603)

1

Index of this Item in this Sequence.

The value shall start at 1 and increase monotonically by 1.

>Radiation Dose Identification Label

(300A,0619)

1

Label of this Radiation Dose for the user.

>Reference Dose Type

(300A,061A)

1

Type of reference dose.

Defined Terms:

PER_RADIATION

Dose values are calculated individually for each referenced RT Radiation SOP Instance.

NOMINAL

Dose values are calculated on the Fraction level and assigned to individual RT Radiation SOP Instances without Instance-specific calculations.

>Reference Dose Point Coordinates

(300A,061E)

1C

The x, y, and z coordinates, in mm of the reference dose point in the DICOM Patient Coordinate System at which the dose values are calculated.

Required if dose is calculated at a point.

>Conceptual Volume Sequence

(3010,0025)

1

Reference to a Conceptual Volume that receives dose.

See Section C.36.11.1.2.

Only a single Item shall be included in this Sequence.

Each Conceptual Volume UID (3010,0006) shall appear only once in the Radiation Dose Identification Sequence (300A,0618).

>>Include Table 10.34-1 “Conceptual Volume Segmentation Reference And Combination Macro Attributes”.

Radiation Dose Sequence

(300A,0617)

1

Parameters that describe dose contributed by referenced RT Radiation SOP Instances.

For every SOP Instance referenced in RT Radiation Sequence (300A,0616) exactly one item shall be present in this Sequence.

>Referenced RT Radiation Sequence

(300A,0630)

1

References the RT Radiation SOP Instance that describes parameters for dose delivery.

Only a single Item shall be included in this Sequence.

>>Include Table 10-11 “SOP Instance Reference Macro Attributes”.

>Radiation Dose Values Parameters Sequence

(300A,061F)

1

Dose values of this RT Radiation with respect to the dose identification items defined in the Radiation Dose Identification Sequence (300A,0618).

The number of Items included in this Sequence shall be the same as the number of Items in the Radiation Dose Identification Sequence (300A,0618).

>>Primary Dose Value Indicator

(300A,061B)

1

Whether the dose value serves as the primary dose indicator for the RT Radiation SOP Instance.

Enumerated Values:

YES

NO

Exactly one item in the Radiation Dose Values Parameters Sequence (300A,061F) shall have the value YES.

See Section C.36.11.1.3.

>>Referenced Radiation Dose Identification Index

(300A,060C)

1

The value of Radiation Dose Identification Index (300A,0603) in the Radiation Dose Identification Sequence (300A,0618) identifying the dose contribution to which this Item in the Radiation Dose Values Parameters Sequence (300A,061F) applies.

>>Dose Values Sequence

(300A,061C)

1C

Dose values.

Required if the Meterset to dose mapping is defined.

One or more Items shall be present.

Each Radiobiological Dose Effect Flag (3010,0002) value shall appear no more than once in this Sequence.

>>>Dose Value Purpose

(300A,061D)

1

Purpose(s) for which dose values in this Sequence Item are provided.

Defined Terms:

TRACKING

The dose values are used for tracking.

QA

The dose values are used for quality assurance.

>>>Include Table C.36.2.1.5-1 “Radiobiological Dose Effect Description Macro Attributes”.

>>>Meterset to Dose Mapping Sequence

(300A,0620)

1

Mapping of Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C) to Radiation Dose Value (300A,0625).

See Section C.36.11.1.1.

Two or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

>>>>Cumulative Meterset

(300A,063C)

1

Cumulative Meterset where a dose value is delivered.

See Section C.36.11.1.1.

>>>>Radiation Dose Value

(300A,0625)

1

Dose value (in Gy) delivered at the corresponding Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C).

See Section C.36.11.1.5.

>Expected In-Vivo Measurement Values Sequence

(300A,0621)

1C

Expected values against which in-vivo measurements may be compared.

Required if expected values are calculated for in-vivo measurement for this RT Radiation SOP Instance.

One or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

>>Expected In-Vivo Measurement Value Index

(300A,0622)

1

Index of this Item in this Sequence.

The value shall start at 1 and increase monotonically by 1.

>>Radiation Dose In-Vivo Measurement Label

(300A,0623)

1

Label to identify the in-vivo measurement point.

See Section 10.31.1.1.

>>Radiation Dose Central Axis Displacement

(300A,0624)

1C

Displacement (x,y) in mm of the measurement point from the central axis along the x-axis and y-axis of the Beam Modifier Definition Plane.

Required if a central beam axis is defined for the Treatment Delivery Device and the Radiation Dose Measurement Point Coordinates (300A,0627) is not present.

>>Meterset to Dose Mapping Sequence

(300A,0620)

1

Mapping of Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C) to Radiation Dose Value (300A,0625).

One or more Items shall be included in this Sequence.

>>>Cumulative Meterset

(300A,063C)

1

Cumulative Meterset where a dose value is delivered.

See Section C.36.11.1.1.

>>>Radiation Dose Value

(300A,0625)

1

Dose Value in Gy at the measurement point.

See Section C.36.11.1.5.

>>Radiation Dose Source to Skin Distance

(300A,0626)

2

Distance in mm from the nominal Radiation Source location to the patient skin along the central beam axis from the source to the measurement point.

>>Radiation Dose Source to External Contour Distance

(300A,0628)

2

Distance in mm from the nominal Radiation Source location to the External Contour along the central beam axis from the source to the measurement point including devices associated with the patient anatomy model. For dosimetric purposes this value may differ from the Radiation Dose Source to Skin Distance(300A,0626).

See Section C.36.11.1.4.

>>Radiation Dose Measurement Point Coordinates

(300A,0627)

1C

Coordinates (x,y,z) in mm in the DICOM Patient Coordinate System of the measurement point.

Required if Radiation Dose Central Axis Displacement (300A,0624) is not present.


C.36.11.1 RT Dose Contribution Attribute Description

C.36.11.1.1 Meterset to Dose Mapping Sequence

The Meterset to Dose Mapping Sequence (300A,0620) contains for each Meterset value the corresponding dose value.

In the first item, the value of Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C) and of Radiation Dose Value (300A,0625) shall be zero.

In the last item, the value of Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C) shall be the Meterset of the final Control Point. The value of Radiation Dose Value (300A,0625) in the last item represents the dose delivered to the referenced anatomy when one fraction is completely delivered.

Cumulative Meterset Values shall be strictly monotonically increasing. Radiation Dose Values shall be monotonically non-decreasing. The increase of dose between two adjacent points of the lookup table shall be interpreted as linear.

C.36.11.1.2 Conceptual Volume Sequence

The Conceptual Volume Sequence (3010,0025) identifies a Conceptual Volume that defines a volume for which dose is tracked during treatments.

If the Conceptual Volume is associated with a segment, the segment is defined by the Referenced Segment Reference Index (3010,0020) in the Conceptual Volume Segmentation Reference and Combination Macro (see Section 10.34).

Alternatively, the Conceptual Volume may not be associated with a segment. For example, dose tracking may specify a nominal dose to an anatomical region of interest and the tracking coefficients approximated by Meterset values.

C.36.11.1.3 Primary Dose Value Indicator

The Primary Dose Value Indicator (300A,061B) is intended to indicate the representative dose value out of the list of dose values which is used for display purposes. Typically this value refers to the primary target while the other non-primary values may refer to e.g., organs at risk.

C.36.11.1.4 Radiation Dose Source to External Contour Distance

The Radiation Dose Source to External Contour Distance (gggg,9B7E) is the distance to the beam entry point, which may include Bolus, Patient Positioning Devices, Patient Immobilization Devices or other devices. This value is useful for including the attenuation effects of external devices on the dose calculation and for patient setup.

C.36.11.1.5 Radiation Dose Value

The Radiation Dose Value (300A,0625) represents the cumulative dose delivered from the beginning of radiation delivery to the Cumulative Meterset (300A,063C).

DICOM PS3.3 2020d - Information Object Definitions