DICOM PS3.1 2019b - Introduction and Overview

1.4.5 Consistency of Information Model

A large number of information objects defined in the DICOM Standard follow a common composite information model with information entities representing Patient, Study, Series, Equipment, Frame of Reference, and the specific instance data type. This information model is a simplification of the real world concepts and activities of medical imaging; for acquisition modalities, a Study is approximately equivalent to an ordered procedure, and a Series is approximately equivalent to a performed data acquisition protocol element. In other domains, such as Radiotherapy, the Study and Series are less clearly related to real world entities or activities, but are still required for consistency. This simplified model is sufficient for the pragmatic needs of managing imaging and related data collected in routine practice.

New information objects defined in DICOM will typically conform to this existing common information model, allowing reuse of implementations with minimal changes to support the new objects.

DICOM PS3.1 2019b - Introduction and Overview